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Today in History India 15 August

Today in History India

Check out below about Today in History India 15 August in Indian history or August 15 special day in India. Looking for information about today special day in India? If yes, check out below. On this Special day today 15 August in Indian history, falls the birthdays and death anniversaries of various well-known people of India. You would also find out about events that happened that make it to the list of today special day in India.

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What happened in India today | Today’s Historical Events on 15 August

Indian Independence Day

1824 Freed American slaves established Liberia on the West African cost through the American colonization society

1862 Madras high court was established

1945 Korea gained independence from the Empire of Japan

1947 India gained independence from British rule after near 190 years of British East India Company and Crown Rule And Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of independent India

1947 Mohammad Ali Jina became the first Governor-General of Pakistan

1960 Congo gained independence from France

1969 Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) formed under the Department of Atomic Energy

1971 Bangladesh gained independence from Pakistan And Shaik Mujib Rehman became the first Prime Minister

1982 Color Television Broadcasting started in India

2020: Indian Cricketer Mahendra Singh Dhoni announced his retirement from international cricket

On this Day Famous Birthdays & Birth Anniversaries on August 15

1769 Napolean Bonaparte, Emperor of France

1865 Mikao Usni, Japanese spiritual leader He founded Reiki

1872 Shri Aurobindo, Indian novelist, freedom fighter, philosopher, guru, and poet

1896: Gerty Theresa Cori, Austro-Hungarian-American biochemist

1912 Amir Khan, an Indian classical vocalist and the founder of the Indore gharana

1947 Rakhi Gulzar, Indian actress

1904 George Klein, Canadian inventor He invented a Motorized Wheelchair

1964 Melinda Gates, wife of Bill Gates and co-founder of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

1971 Adnan Sami Indian singer and musician

1990 Jennifer Lawrence, American actress

On this Day Death Anniversaries of famous people on August 15

1935 Will Rogers, American actor

1942 Mahadev Desai He was Mahatma Gandhi’s secretary and freedom fighter

1975 Shaikh Mujibur Rehman The first president of Bangladesh assassinated by militants

1967 Rene Magritte, Belgian surrealist painter

2004 Amar Singh Chaudhari, 8th Chief minister of Gujrat, India

2005 Bendupudi Venkata Satyanarayana, Indian dermatologist and academic

2015 Julian Bond Social activist, civil rights leader, and former representative from Georgia He was the Chairman of the NAACP from 1998 to 2010

2018 Ajit Wadekar, an Indian international cricketer

What happened in India on 15 August

Divani and Faujdary courts seperated by East India Company.

The first train of the East Indian Railways steamed out of Howrah station destined for Hoogly, which was at a distance of 24 miles. It was the first passenger train catering to public traffic. Officially, it was inaugurated in 1855.

Bhartendu Harishchandra publishes a Hindi monthly ‘Kavi Vachan Sudha’.

Sri Aurobindo Man Mohan Ghosh born in Calcutta. He was a renaissance yoga philosopher, freedom fighter and teacher. His 30-volume work discusses the ‘superman’, a metaphor for the divinely transformed individual soul. He withdrew from the world in 1910 and founded International Ashram in Pondicherry.

Hans Kumar Tiwari, famous poet and translater, was born.

Amrit Rai, novelist and translater, was born .

Sadashiv Pandurang Jantre, great freedom fighter and social worker, was born .

Mahadev Haribhai Desai, an activist and Mahatma Gandhi’s personal secretary, died of heart failure at Aga Khan’s Palace.

Indian Independence Day.

Sir Cyril Radcliffe Award on the new boundaries of West Punjab, East Punjab, West Bengal, East Bengal and Assam.

India gains independence from the British rule and Pakistan emerges as a separate Islamic nation. Around 600,000 die in clashes during the subsequent population exchange of 14 million people between the two new countries.

At the stroke of midnight, India is free after 163 years of British Raj. At the same time Muslims win a degree of freedom from Hindus. They have their own separate dominion Pakistan in the British Commonwealth Sect.

Paramveer Chakra, Mahaveer Chakra, Veer Chakra instituted as ‘Awards for Gallantry’.

Hindu-Muslim association in Calcutta.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru becomes the first Indian Prime Minister of free India.

Lord Louis Mountbatten took charge as the first British Governor General of Indian Union and occupied this office till June 20, 1948.

On the the stroke of mid-night on 14th August 1947, India became independent and was partitioned. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first prime minister and Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the first president of free India. The mixed economy policy was taken on a five-year plan basis for economic development. On 26th January 1950, India became a democratic and is the biggest democracy of the world today. In 1956, on the basis of languages, India was divided into 14 states and 6 union territories. Today, there are 27 states and 7 union territories.

India and Pakistan gain independence (dominion status). Lord Mountbatten becomes Governor General of India and Mohammad Ali Jinnah is appointed the Governor General of Pakistan. Independent India’s first cabinet meeting with Jawaharlal Nehru as Prime Minister held. Members of the first Cabinet were: 1. J. L. Nehru – PM, External and Commonwealth Relations and Scientific Research, 2. Sardar Patel – Home Information and Broadcasting and States, 3. Dr. Rajendra Praised – Food and Agriculture, 4. Maulana Azad – Education, 5. John Mathai – Railways and Transport, 6. Sardar Baldev Singh – Defence, 7. Jagjivan Ram – Labour, 8. C. H. Bhabha – Commerce, 9. R. A. Kidwai – Communications, 10. Rajkumari Amrit Kaur – Health, 11. B. R. Ambedkar – Law 12. R. K. Sanmukham Chetty – Finance, 13. Shyama Prasad Mookerji – Industries and Supplies, 14. N. V. Gadgil – Works, Mines and Power.

The Defence department becomes the Ministry of Defence under a Cabinet Minister. Each service was placed under its own Commander-in-Chief. Under the Constitution, the supreme command of the Armed Forces was vested with the President.

The Indian independence divided not only the country but its armed forces as well. These units came down and their equipment was transferred to the newly created Royal Pakistan Air Force. Thus, the principal components of the Royal Indian Air Force, during the partition, were nos. 3, 4, 7, 8 and 10 Squadrons with Tempest US, No. 2 Squadron with Spitfires and No. 12 Squadron with C-47s and No. 1 Air Observation Flight (AOF). The establishment of this AOF with AOP Auster 4s, 5s and 6s, coincided with independence. No. 6 Squadron, which had been in process of converting from Spitfires to C-47s at Drigh Road, had been stood down and its transports transferred to Pakistan.

Brigadier Thakur Mahadeo Singh was the first Indian Commandant. He was the DSO of Indian Militery Academy.

Chandernagore joins the Indian Union. Panchayati Raj inaugurated in 114,000 villages.

Indian Constitution goes into effect.

Earthquake measuring 8.6 on Richter Scale hits Assam in north eastern India claiming 11,000 lives.

Satyagrah started for the freedom of Goa.

Maharashtra State Sahkari Grihvitta Corporation was established.

Television starts in New Delhi.

Marathwada’, a daily newspaper, published.

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) formed under Department of Atomic Energy.

Postal Index Number (PIN Code) of 6-digits was introduced.

Tukoji Holkar, a leader of Peshwa kingdom, dies.

Doordarshan’s national programme and the first nationwide colour transmission started by Delhi Doordarshan.

Accord reached on the Assam foreign nationals issue, agitation called off.

Uttar Maharashtra University was established.

GOI declares Prophet Mohammed’s birthday a national holiday.

India successfully test fires ‘Akash’, an advanced medium range surface to air missile.

Karnataka seeks army help to nab sandal wood smuggler Veerappan.

Five more Doordarshan channels launched.

At Churchgate railway station on platform No.1, noted film actor A.K. Hangal signalled the start of theatre in a train by waving a green flag.

Sukumar Gupta, a socialist, dies.

P.V Narasimha Rao introduces the mid-day meal scheme for the primary school children under the Central Government Welfare Programme.

Deve Gowda speaks in Hindi on the occasion of the 50th Independence Day.

Freedom fighter’s pension to be doubled from the existing Rs. 1,500.

The Government bans doctors from determining the sex of the foetus.

IWM Vijayalakshmi wins Asian Zonal Women’s Chess tournament in Tehran.

K.Sasikaran gets third IM norm in British Open Chess tournament.

K. R. Narayanan, President, posthumously confers nation’s highest peace-time gallantry award ‘Ashok Chakra’ to second Lieutenant Puneet Dutta.

Golden jubilee celebrations of the Indian Independence ends.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Prime Minister, says Agni-2 to be inducted in the defence arsenal.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Prime Minister, says in his Independence Day address, “Borders cannot be redrawn either in the name of religion or on the strength of the sword”.

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