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The Hindu PDF 9 January 2024 Analysis


The Hindu PDF 9 January 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. This The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 9 January 2024 for UPSC

India, Maldives discuss spat; Israel steps into controversy: Page 1

  • Ongoing war of words between India and Maldives Deputy Ministers.
  • Disrespectful remarks towards India and PM Modi by Maldivian officials.
  • MEA summons Maldivian envoy, discusses the situation.
  • Israel’s Embassy posts Lakshadweep photos on social media amid controversy.
  • Maldives’ High Commissioner summoned by Indian MEA.
  • Indian High Commissioner to Maldives has a pre-arranged meeting to discuss bilateral issues.
  • Maldives President suspends three Deputy Ministers for their comments.
  • Israeli embassy praises Lakshadweep’s tourism potential in response to Maldivian remarks.
  • Maldivian Foreign Minister disapproves of the disrespectful remarks on social media.
  • Concerns among foreign policy experts about the escalation of tensions between India and Maldives.
  • Potential impact on Maldives’ tourism industry due to online campaigns calling for a boycott in India.

Karnataka HC bans mining activity near KRS reservoir: Page 5

  • The Karnataka High Court has banned all mining and quarrying activities within a 20-km radius of the Krishnarajasagar (KRS) dam in Mandya district.
  • The ban applies even to mining activities for which permissions/licenses were already granted.
  • The ban will remain in effect until a study by experts is completed and a decision is taken by the State committee on dam safety, as per the Dam Safety Act, 2021.
  • The court took cognizance of dam safety while hearing a petition filed by a landowner from Chinakurali village of Pandavapura taluk in Mandya district.
  • The petitioner had questioned a restriction imposed in May 2023, against using the land for quarrying mining activities.
  • The court had previously permitted mining activity within a 20-km radius of the dam, as the Dam Safety Act, 2021, was not brought to its notice.

An ambitious push for values, ethics in higher education: Page 6

  • The University Grants Commission (UGC) has issued Mulya Pravah 2.0, a guideline to inculcate human values and professional ethics in higher education institutions.
  • The guideline was triggered by a survey highlighting unethical practices in various organisations.
  • Mulya Pravah 2.0 emphasizes transparency in administration and decision-making guided by institutional and public interest.
  • It seeks to abolish discriminatory privileges of officials and urges punishment for corruption.
  • The guideline expects higher education institutions to ensure integrity, trusteeship, harmony, accountability, inclusiveness, commitment, respectfulness, belongingness, sustainability, constitutional values, and global citizenship.
  • It requires higher education administration to ensure accountability, transparency, fairness, honesty, and the highest degree of ethics.
  • It asserts that officers and staff must refrain from misappropriating resources and refuse to accept gifts or favors that may affect impartial performance of duties.
  • The guideline emphasizes the importance of maintaining confidentiality of information, which contrasts with the right to information as an instrument to ensure accountability.

Understanding the EU’s carbon border tax: Page 7

  • The European Union (EU) has introduced the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) to tax carbon-intensive products imported into the EU from 2026.
  • The CBAM aims to achieve a 55% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to 1990 levels, under the European Green Deal.
  • The CBAM is designed to work like the EU’s Emission Trading System (ETS), which sets a cap on the amount of greenhouse gas emissions allowed.
  • The transitional phase of the CBAM will last until December 2025, during which EU manufacturers and importers will report the greenhouse gas emissions embedded in their imports without any financial obligations.
  • From January 1, 2026, the CBAM will require importers to surrender annually the corresponding number of CBAM certificates based on the declared emissions embedded in imports.
  • India has started working on its own Carbon Credit Trading System (CCTS) to incentivize emission reductions and promote clean energy investments.
  • India also has a voluntary market-based mechanism called the Green Credit Programme Rules to encourage environmentally proactive actions.
  • India is among the top eight countries that will be adversely affected by the CBAM, with 27% of India’s exports of iron, steel, and aluminum products worth $8.2 billion going to the EU in 2022.

Debating India’s new hit-and-run law: Page 8

  • Transporters and commercial drivers are protesting against Section 106 (2) of the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023, which stipulates a penalty for fleeing an accident spot and failing to report the incident.
  • The law has sparked widespread protests in multiple states, with incidents of road blocks, stone-pelting, and strikes by private bus drivers.
  • Protesters argue that the law provides for stringent punishment even for unintentional accidents and fails to consider challenging work conditions and factors beyond the driver’s control.
  • They are concerned that the law may be abused by law enforcement agencies and that the harsh penalties could deter many from joining or continuing in the transport profession.
  • The new law was introduced in response to concerning figures related to road accidents in India, with the country registering the highest count of road crash fatalities in 2022.
  • Despite a global decrease in road crash deaths, India witnessed an increase in road accidents and fatalities, with over half of all road fatalities occurring on national and state highways.
  • India accounts for about 10% of crash-related deaths globally and incurs an economic loss of 5-7% of its GDP annually due to road crashes.

How surgical care in India is a neglected part of public health: Page 9

  • Lack of access to surgical care is a significant issue in India.
  • India’s focus on surgical care has been limited over the last seven decades.
  • The Health Management Information System categorizes surgeries not requiring general or spinal anesthesia as ‘minor.’
  • In 2019-2020, over 14 million minor surgeries were recorded, accounting for a quarter of all surgeries.
  • The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) suggests that India’s recorded surgeries are much less than the actual need.
  • LCoGS proposes six indicators for monitoring surgical care, including timely geographical access, workforce density, surgical volumes, perioperative mortality rate, risk of impoverishment, and risk of catastrophic expenditure.
  • More than 90% of rural Indians lack access to surgery when needed.
  • Challenges include difficulty reaching hospitals, lack of resources for treatment, small SOA workforce, disparities based on location and affordability, and limited capacity for surgeries.
  • Quality of surgical care is crucial for safe outcomes, affected by training, equipment availability, and peri-operative care.
  • Lack of universal healthcare coverage and limited surgical care in public facilities lead to devastating financial impacts on patients seeking care in private hospitals.
  • India’s current surgical system relies on civilian initiatives, subnational programs, and individual efforts to address systemic gaps in surgical care.
  • Examples include the Association for Rural Surgeons of India, EMRI Green Health Services, SEARCH, JSS, and Global Surgery India Hub.
  • Despite these initiatives, systemic gaps persist, requiring recognition and elimination for improved performance on LCoGS indicators.
  • Lack of problem recognition is a major issue, and surgical care is not considered a part of mainstream public health policymaking and planning in India.
  • India lacks a National Surgical Obstetric Anaesthesia Plan (NSOAP), unlike many countries in Africa and South Asia.
  • The absence of investments in data for monitoring surgical care indicators hinders progress, emphasizing the need for integrated data collection mechanisms.

PM suggests roll-out of three new criminal laws in U.T.S by year-end: Page IO

  • Phased implementation of three new criminal laws suggested by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • Legislation includes Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS), Bharatiya Sakshya (BS), and Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), replacing IPC, Evidence Act, and CrPC respectively.
  • Targeted roll-out in all Union Territories by 2024-end proposed, instead of just Chandigarh.
  • Concerns raised at the Director-General of Police Conference regarding data storage and security of data under BNSS.
  • Data generated from audiovisual recording of search and seizure deemed humongous, raising concerns about chain of command and location for data storage.
  • Delhi Commissioner of Police highlighted challenges, including exhausted memory cards during videotaping of crime scenes.
  • Questions raised about funding for single-use memory cards and the security of data stored in cloud systems.
  • Need for effective utilization of Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) emphasized, with issues in online filing of chargesheets, case diaries, and investigation reports.
  • Cybersecurity session discussed protecting critical infrastructure in health and power sectors from organized cyberattacks.
  • Prime Minister Modi suggested creating a joint task force for northeast States to address unique issues and facilitate inter-State consultation.
  • Regulatory loopholes in the Free Movement Regime (FMR) with Myanmar discussed, highlighting the dual role of Assam Rifles in counter-insurgency and border guarding.
  • Fencing suggested as an important measure for effective border security.
  • Prime Minister urged expedited handling of tribal uprisings to prevent escalation.
  • Concerns raised about illegal migration, with emphasis on dismantling the ecosystem supporting such movements.
  • Inquiry into how 6,000 Rohingya reached Jammu from Myanmar suggested, questioning the existence of an ecosystem supporting this migration.

DRDO counter-drone system ready, handed over to private firms: Page IO

  • DRDO’s counter-drone system is ready for production.
  • Demonstrated to armed services and internal security agencies.
  • Comprehensive anti-drone system includes detection, identification, and neutralization.
  • Three services placed 23 orders on BEL for DRDO-developed technology.
  • Transfer of Technology (ToT) given to private industries: BEL, Adani, L&T, and Icom.
  • Technology capable of countering attacks, soft kill, and hard kill for all types of drones.
  • Focus on high-end drones and anti-drone technology.
  • Tapas Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) UAV in advanced stage of developmental trials.
  • Short-range armed UAV Archer under development for reconnaissance and surveillance.
  • Drone batteries issue discussed; older generation used nickel-cadmium and silver-zinc batteries.

‘Viksit Bharat Yatra aims to help schemes reach all beneficiaries’: Page 12

  • Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra (VBSY) aims to ensure government schemes reach all deserving people.
  • VBSY completed 50 days, connected with about 11 crore people.
  • “Modi ki Guarantee” vehicles reaching every part of the country.
  • Government proactively providing benefits to the poor, reaching doorsteps of beneficiaries.
  • Focus on empowering poor, farmers, women, and youth for a powerful country.
  • Nearly 12 lakh new applications for Ujjwala connections received during the drive.
  • Applications also received for Suraksha Bima Yojana, Jeevan Jyoti Yojana, PM SVANidhi.
  • Health check-ups for over two crore people conducted, including TB and sickle cell check-ups.
  • Ayushman Yojana providing health insurance of ₹5 lakh highlighted.
  • Impact on women’s empowerment through Mudra Yojna, self-help groups, Bank Mitras, Pashu Sakhis, and ASHA workers.
  • Plans to increase beneficiaries through programs like “NaMo Drone Didi Scheme.”
  • Emphasis on addressing various daily issues faced by farmers, with initiatives taken by the government.

GIFT City is set to host 10th Gujarat global investment summit from tomorrow: Page 12

  • 10th Vibrant Gujarat Global Investment Summit to be hosted in GIFT City.
  • Inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • Attended by heads of states, policymakers, diplomats, industrialists, and business executives.
  • Over 100 countries participating; 30 countries as partners; a dozen international organizations involved.
  • Expected to bring around 1,00,000 visitors, including CEOs, business leaders, policymakers, ministers, and diplomats.
  • Focus on futuristic technology sectors like semiconductors, green hydrogen, e-mobility, space manufacturing, renewable energy, financial services, and technology.
  • Roadshow a day before the summit led by PM Modi and UAE President Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
  • Roadshow from Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport to Gandhinagar, covering a three-kilometer route.
  • Event aims to foster collaboration and explore investment opportunities.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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