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The Hindu PDF 9 February 2024 Analysis


The Hindu PDF 9 February 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

In the following article, we have shared the key points from The Hindu Newspaper today pdf for the students preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams. These points from The Hindu newspaper pdf serve as current affairs material for their preparation.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 9 February 2024 for UPSC

Sri Lankan Navy arrests 19 Indian fishermen: Page 5
  • Sri Lankan Navy arrests 19 Indian fishermen
  • 17 from Rameswaram and Thangachimadam in Tamil Nadu
  • 2 fishermen from Odisha also arrested, reportedly hired as helpers
  • Sri Lankan authorities initially didn’t reveal identities of the 2 Odisha natives
  • Fishery Department inquiry confirms 19 people (12+7) on the impounded boats
  • Some fishermen took the Odisha natives as helpers for construction work
  • Fisheries Department issued 492 tokens, but many boats ventured without them
  • Notices issued to boat owners to ensure only Tamil Nadu fishermen go to sea
  • First instance of Odisha natives being arrested along with Rameswaram fishermen
  • PMK founder Ramadoss condemns arrest, calls for permanent solution by Centre and State.
Towards uniformity: Page 10
  • Uniform Civil Code (UCC) is seen as desirable for a secular country, aiming for equality and justice.
  • Uttarakhand Assembly adopts a UCC, first since pre-Independence Goa.
  • UCC consolidates laws on marriage, divorce, and succession for all communities.
  • Controversy arises due to the inclusion of live-in relationships registration with a three-month prison term for non-registration.
  • This encroachment on personal life violates individual rights and may lead to intrusive inquiries and social hostility.
  • Debate surrounds whether UCC undermines minority rights or promotes gender equality.
  • B.R. Ambedkar suggested a voluntary UCC initially.
  • Past Law Commission opposed UCC, favoring reforms in personal laws.
  • Present Law Commission revisits UCC, gathering public opinions.
  • The Uttarakhand Code borrows from existing laws but omits certain provisions like waiting period for remarriage after divorce.
  • Progressive provisions eliminate concepts like iddat, talaq, and nikah halala, enhancing individual rights.
  • Custom and usage allowed with the caveat that it should not contravene public policy or morality.
  • Polarizing discourse emerges ahead of general elections regarding UCC.
  • The pursuit of uniformity should not overshadow the concept of justice, which should be the primary focus.
Charting a path for the population committee: Page 10
  • Interim Budget announced formation of a high-powered committee to address challenges from rapid population growth and demographic changes.
  • Committee’s mandate includes making recommendations aligned with the goal of ‘Viksit Bharat’.
  • It needs an interdisciplinary approach, drawing expertise from demography, public health, economics, sociology, and governance.
  • Tasks include rigorous research, data analysis, monitoring demographic trends, and evaluating existing interventions.
  • Collaboration with various stakeholders crucial for policy formulation, implementation, and public awareness campaigns.
  • India’s demographic landscape has shifted, with a decrease in fertility rates and an increase in the working-age population.
  • India’s population expected to reach 1.46 billion by 2030, with a demographic dividend opportunity for economic growth.
  • Challenges include ensuring access to quality healthcare and education, with only 1% of GDP spent on health.
  • Investments in education and skill development are essential to realize the demographic dividend, with nearly 47% of Indian youth lacking necessary skills by 2030.
  • Evidence-based policymaking hampered by lack of accurate and timely data on population, requiring modernization of data infrastructure and quality assurance mechanisms.
  • Collaboration with international organizations can provide access to expertise and funding opportunities for population data collection and analysis.
  • Strategic planning, effective implementation, and international collaboration crucial for India to navigate demographic transition for inclusive and sustainable development.
R&D spend golden intervention or smoke and mirrors: Page 10
  • Interim Budget announced a corpus of ₹1 lakh crore for long-term financing to encourage private sector research and innovation in sunrise domains.
  • Private sector’s contribution to India’s R&D expenditure low at 36.4% of GDP, compared to 67-79% in other countries like Germany, South Korea, and the United States.
  • India’s R&D expenditure increasing in absolute terms but declining as a fraction of GDP, from 0.82% to 0.64%.
  • Purpose of innovation expanded to include environmental justice and sustainability, questioning the virtue of private sector leading R&D.
  • Emphasis needed on increasing public sector R&D expenditure, especially at the State level, to improve research facilities and promote innovation.
  • Catch: Allocation of ₹1 lakh crore raises questions about domain-wise allocations, targets, beneficiaries selection, and replenishment of the corpus.
  • Government needs to define expected outcomes, allocation criteria, and timeframes to ensure effective utilization of funds.
The Paytm Payments Bank debacle: Page 12
  • RBI penalized Paytm Payments Bank Ltd (PPBL) due to persistent non-compliances and supervisory concerns.
  • PPBL barred from accepting further deposits, top-ups, or credit transactions from February 29.
  • Existing customers can use their balances, but no new transactions permitted.
  • PPBL prohibited from banking services, bill payments, UPI, and directed to terminate nodal accounts by February 29.
  • Macquire Capital believes this may impact Paytm’s ability to retain customers and sell products.
  • Paytm plans to transition services to other banks, working in three stages: finding partner bank, assessing viability, and migrating accounts.
  • Concerns include licensing compliance, governance structure, related-party transactions, and potential money laundering issues.
  • Paytm denies exerting influence on PPBL’s operations, but RBI has taken supervisory actions due to non-compliance.
  • RBI had penalized PPBL previously for flouting KYC norms, and concerns arise over possible money laundering activities.
What are the regulations with respect to rice prices?: Page 12
  • Indian government mandates declaration of rice stocks by all traders, wholesalers, retailers, and millers.
  • Launches “Bharat Rice” to lower rice prices in the market, but traders and millers find these measures insufficient.
  • Paddy production in 2022-2023 increased by 62.84 lakh tonnes compared to the previous year.
  • In 2023-2024, southern states face a decline in paddy production due to inadequate rainfall, while northern states observe a 15% increase.
  • Retail rice prices surged by 14.51% in the last year, with some varieties seeing a significant price hike.
  • Government takes measures like banning broken rice exports, imposing duties on par-boiled rice, and restricting non-basmati white rice exports.
  • Government procures 600 lakh tonnes of paddy during the current Kharif marketing season and sells 1.66 lakh tonnes of rice in the open market by January.
  • Reasons for price increase include higher Minimum Support Price, escalating transport and storage costs, and production drop in rice-consuming states.
  • Non-basmati rice exports have significantly increased in recent years despite government measures.
  • Traders suggest prioritizing rice sale for consumption and capturing data on most consumed varieties for future actions.
Centre to scrap Free Movement Regime with Myanmar, says Shah: Page 14
  • Union government decides to scrap Free Movement Regime (FMR) along India-Myanmar border for internal security and to maintain northeastern States’ demographics.
  • Home Ministry recommends immediate suspension of FMR, allowing tribal people within 16 km of border on both sides to cross with few restrictions.
  • Under FMR, hill tribe members can cross with border pass, valid for a year, staying up to two weeks per visit.
  • FMR reduced from 40 km to 16 km in 2004; provisions last revised in 2016.
  • FMR makes border porous, facilitating activities of Indian Insurgent Groups (IIGs), according to Home Ministry’s 2011-12 annual report.
  • India-Myanmar border passes through Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, and Mizoram.
  • Government plans to fence entire 1,643-km border with Myanmar; some fencing completed, additional projects underway.
  • FMR lacks standard border pass document and mechanism to monitor entry, leading to drawbacks.
  • Manipur CM blames FMR for ethnic violence, with regime suspended in 2020 due to COVID-19 pandemic.
‘India’s Kaladan project in Myanmar in limbo as rebels control key town’: Page 14
  • India’s Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project (KMTTP) facing setback due to capture of Paletwa township in Myanmar by rebel Arakan Army (AA)
  • KMTTP aimed to connect Kolkata port with Sittwe port in Rakhine State, then link to Mizoram via road and Kaladan river
  • AA control over key towns and supply routes in Rakhine State hindering project progress
  • AA captured Paletwa, essential for Kaladan project; also seized control of other major towns and roads
  • Delay in Kaladan project due to various reasons including Rohingya crisis (2017) and conflict between AA and Myanmar military junta
  • Conflict between AA and junta not based on religious differences but on nationalist aspirations of Arakanese population
  • Arakanese population seeking confederated or independent status
  • Recent capture of Paletwa has raised concern of tripartite conflict involving junta forces, AA, and rebels of Chin State
  • AA aiming to capture Sittwe port, one of Myanmar’s oldest ports and airports, possibly by summer of current year
Cabinet approves new fisheries scheme: Page 15
  • Union Cabinet approves Pradhan Mantri Matsya Kisan Samridhi Sah-Yojana under Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana
  • Scheme targets micro and small enterprises in fisheries sector
  • Expected investment of ₹6,000 crore over next four years
  • Chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi
  • Extension of Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund till 2026 approved
  • Extension aims to intensify development of fishing harbours, fish landing centres, ice plants, cold storage, and fish transport facilities
MPC holds rates; sees FY25 inflation easing to 4.5%, growth at 7%: Page 18
  • Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) maintains policy repo rate at 6.5%
  • Focus on withdrawing accommodation to ensure inflation aligns with 4% target
  • Inflation projected to moderate to 4.5% in FY25 from 5.4% in current fiscal year
  • Real GDP growth forecasted at 7% for FY25
  • RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das emphasizes vigilance on incoming data and outlook
  • Inflation forecast based on assumption of normal monsoon
  • Quarterly inflation projections: Q1 (5%), Q2 (4%), Q3 (4.6%), Q4 (4.7%) with evenly balanced risks
  • Food price shocks and geopolitical events cited as inflation risks
  • Domestic economic activity strengthening, real GDP growth expected to be 7.3% in 2023-24
  • Recovery in rabi sowing, manufacturing profitability, and resilience of services to support economic activity in 2024-25
  • Real GDP growth projections for FY25: Q1 (7.2%), Q2 (6.8%), Q3 (7%), Q4 (6.9%)
  • MPC maintains focus on supporting growth while aligning inflation with target
  • Proactive monitoring of systemic, sectoral, and institution-specific signs of stress
  • Indian rupee exchange rate stable; current account deficit (CAD) eminently manageable with Q2 CAD easing to 1% of GDP
  • Services and remittances in large surplus, offsetting trade deficit; external sector remains resilient
Kyasanur Forest Disease: the assault of the tick: SCIENCE Page II
  • Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD) is a viral infection transmitted by ticks, first noticed in Karnataka’s Shivamogga district in 1956
  • Also known as monkey fever; monkeys serve as warning of outbreak
  • Disease spreads through ticks; primates and humans can contract it in forest areas
  • Transmission peaks from late November to June, with highest cases between December and March
  • Symptoms include fever, redness of eyes, severe headache, body pain, and gastrointestinal symptoms
  • Severe cases may involve nosebleeds; no specific treatment, only symptom management
  • Attempts to develop vaccine ongoing with Indian Immunologicals in consultation with ICMR
  • Disease initially confined to Shivamogga district, later spread to other districts in Karnataka and other states
  • Cases reported in Uttara Kannada, Chikkamagaluru, Dakshina Kannada, Chamarajanagar, Belagavi, Gadag, Mysuru, Hassan, and other states including Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Goa, and Maharashtra
  • Forest department distributing DEPA oil, a tick repellent, to forest-going families
  • State government providing free treatment to patients

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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