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The Hindu PDF 8 January 2024 Analysis

The Hindu PDF GKGSCA

The Hindu PDF 8 January 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. This The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 8 January 2024 for UPSC

J&K to have no local body members from tomorrow: Page 1

  • Jammu and Kashmir will have no local body members starting from tomorrow.
  • The last panchayat elections were held in 2018.
  • The five-year term of almost 30,000 local representatives is expiring, and there is uncertainty about the next election.
  • The Union government decided to conduct a delimitation exercise before the next municipal and panchayat elections.
  • A total of 27,281 panches and sarpanches were elected in 2018, with 12,776 vacant seats.
  • Delimitation proposals were requested by the Panchayati Raj Department on December 28, 2023.
  • The disbursal of the ₹25-lakh fund allocated to each panchayat will cease after January 10.
  • There will only be a few Members of Parliament and District Development Councils representing J&K electorally after January 10.
  • J&K has been under Central rule since June 2018, following the collapse of the BJP-PDP coalition government.
  • Assembly elections are directed to be held in J&K by September 30, 2024, as per the Supreme Court’s order.
  • The redrawing of panchayat boundaries is ongoing, and concerns are raised about addressing population discrepancies in fund disbursal.
  • In 2018, 29 subjects were transferred to panchayats, providing constitutional status under the 73rd amendment.
  • The Union Cabinet adapted the Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Act in 2020, establishing District Development Councils directly elected by the people.

GST collections reveal a dissonance in consumption growth across States: Page 1

  • GST revenues for the first nine months of 2023-24 indicate disparities in consumption growth across States.
  • Private final consumption expenditure (PFCE) is estimated to grow at 4.4%, the slowest since 2002-03, excluding the pandemic-affected year of 2020-21.
  • PFCE growth recovered to 6% in April-to-June 2023 but slipped to 3.1% in the July-September quarter.
  • GST revenues, a consumption-based tax, grew at 11.7% from April to December 2023, while State GST collections grew at a sharper pace of 15.2%.
  • Among the 20 largest States, Gujarat and West Bengal are the only ones with less than double-digit GST growth, while 10 others grew below the national average of 15.2%.
  • Eight States, including Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana, saw State GST revenues rise between 17% to 18.8%.
  • Regional disparities in GST collections indicate uneven consumption across geographies.
  • The bank’s economists suggest that improving consumption in lagging States could boost overall GDP growth and GST collections.
  • States like Odisha, Rajasthan, and Chhattisgarh, with GST revenues growing less than 11%, may be affected by tepid rural demand due to weaker farm sector outcomes.
  • Lack of significant wage growth, especially for lower-income households, is identified as a critical factor affecting consumption growth.

T.N. investors’ meet kicks off with vision for $l-trillion economy: Page 7

  • Tamil Nadu Global Investors Meet (GIM) 2024 aims to make the state a $1 trillion economy by 2030.
  • Chief Minister M.K. Stalin unveiled the growth framework to achieve the ambitious economic target.
  • The government released the Semiconductor and Advanced Electronics Policy 2024 during the event.
  • The approach focuses on attracting both capital and employment-intensive investments.
  • The GIM is seen as a catalyst for growth, with an encouraging response expected to bring investments to the state.
  • Union Minister for Commerce and Industry, Piyush Goyal, emphasized Tamil Nadu’s ambitious vision for a $1 trillion economy by 2030.
  • Various memoranda of understandings (MoUs) were signed during the event, signifying significant investments.
  • Notably, a key pact was signed with Vietnamese electric vehicle maker VinFast to set up a plant in Thoothukudi with a proposed investment of ₹16,000 crore.

A new high: Page 8

  • Aditya-L1, ISRO’s solar mission, successfully reached its destination around the L1 Lagrange point.
  • Aditya-L1 is an observatory-class solar mission equipped with seven instruments to study various aspects of the sun.
  • The L1 Lagrange point, located 1.5 million km from Earth in the Earth-Sun direction, offers stability for the spacecraft with minimal fuel expenditure.
  • Aditya-L1’s scientific mission is set to begin in about a month, focusing on studying the sun’s atmosphere, solar flares, coronal mass ejections, solar wind, plasma, and magnetic field properties.
  • The mission adds to India’s history of solar observation, complementing ground-based observatories like the Kodaikanal Solar Observatory.
  • Public perception of ISRO’s achievements is discussed, noting that despite significant accomplishments, some expectations may not be realistic.
  • The article suggests that ISRO can enhance public outreach efforts, such as hosting open days focused on specific missions and regularly communicating new results.
  • Encourages ISRO to consider including components in missions that capture public interest, acknowledging the importance of public celebration of space achievements.
  • Funding for these efforts is mentioned, with the belief that given the government’s support for ISRO, obtaining funds may be feasible.

Rise in child marriages in West Bengal: Page 10

  • A Lancet study on child marriage in India notes an overall decrease but highlights an increase in West Bengal.
  • West Bengal saw a 32.3% increase in child marriage headcount, with over 500,000 more girls married as children.
  • Despite the Kanyashree Prakalpa conditional cash transfer scheme aiming to incentivize girls’ education and discourage child marriage, the issue persists.
  • The National Family Health Survey-5 indicates that 41.6% of women aged 20-24 years in West Bengal were married before 18.
  • Adverse impacts of child marriage on maternal and child health are observed, highlighted by infant deaths at Murshidabad Medical College and Hospital.
  • Policy interventions, including Kanyashree Prakalpa, aim to prevent child marriage, but questions arise about their effectiveness.
  • While girl’s school enrollment has increased, the incidence of child marriage remains high in West Bengal, creating a puzzle for policy planners.
  • Experts note a lack of direct correlation between literacy rate and child marriage, with some high-literacy districts having high child marriage rates.
  • Child marriage is also linked to migration, as families may marry off daughters before migration, contributing to the vicious cycle.
  • The State government’s cash incentive schemes, like ‘Rupashree Prakalpa,’ may be contributing to organizing marriages soon after girls benefit from school schemes.
  • Implementation issues with laws on child marriage are noted, with West Bengal registering 105 cases in 2021, raising concerns about the efficacy of existing legal measures.
  • Experts emphasize the need for a comprehensive social campaign involving all stakeholders and political will to enforce existing laws to address the issue at the grassroots level in West Bengal.

In a first, IAF C-130 with Garud commandos makes night landing at Kargil: Page 14

  • IAF C-130J aircraft made a night landing at Kargil ALG near LoC with Pakistan
  • Kargil ALG is at 10,000 feet altitude, restricted, unidirectional, and without night-landing facilities
  • Night landing shows IAF’s capability to carry out specialised missions in this area
  • Kargil ALG is the only airstrip in this area for any exigency
  • IAF has other airfields and ALGs in J&K and Ladakh
  • Defence Ministry reactivated ALGs along LAC with China in past decade

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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