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The Hindu PDF 8 December 2023 Analysis

The Hindu PDF GKGSCA

The Hindu PDF 8 December 2023 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. This The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 8 December 2023 for UPSC

Revanth sworn in as Telangana CM: Page 1

  • Anumula Revanth Reddy sworn in as the first Congress Chief Minister of Telangana
  • Swearing-in ceremony held at Lal Bahadur Stadium in Hyderabad
  • Vows to revive tradition of public interaction for grievance redressal
  • Signs first file to implement six welfare guarantees from Congress’ poll manifesto
  • Telangana Governor Tamilisai Soundararajan administers the oath of office
  • Presence of Congress leaders Mallikarjun Kharge, Sonia Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi, and Priyanka Gandhi Vadra
  • Invites public to Jyothirao Phule Praja Bhavan for Praja Darbar on Friday at 10 a.m.
  • Immediately signs second file to provide a job to T. Rajini, a person with a disability
  • Outgoing Congress Legislature Party leader Mallu Bhatti Vikaramarka sworn in as Deputy Chief Minister
  • Emotional speech by CM highlighting the struggles and sacrifices of Telangana’s people
  • Acknowledges the rule of Bharat Rashtra Samithi (BRS) in the state since 2014
  • Thanks Congress workers who endured repression for the last 10 years
  • Massive turnout of Congress workers and supporters at LB Stadium
  • CM’s family members, including wife Geetha and daughter Nymisha, present on stage

Centre announces a,500-cr. aid to T.N. and A.P. after cyclone wreaks havoc: Page 1

  • Union government announces ₹493.60 crore aid to Andhra Pradesh and ₹450 crore to Tamil Nadu after cyclone Michaung
  • Additional ₹561.29 crore approved for Chennai’s flood mitigation efforts
  • Union Home Minister Amit Shah highlights Chennai facing major floods, third in eight years
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi approves ₹561.29 crore for ‘Integrated Urban Flood Management activities for Chennai Basin Project’
  • Project aims at making Chennai flood-resilient, part of National Disaster Mitigation Fund (NDMF)
  • Central assistance of ₹500 crore included in the approved project
  • Standing crops in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu affected, prompting relief management
  • Prime Minister Modi directs Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) to release ₹493.60 crore to Andhra Pradesh and ₹450 crore to Tamil Nadu as the second instalment of State Disaster Response Fund
  • First instalment of the same amount already released to both states
  • Concern expressed for the safety and well-being of those affected

Centre-approved board praising Tagore put up at Santiniketan to mark UNESCO world heritage tag: Page 4

  • Visva-Bharati University replaces controversial plaques commemorating UNESCO’s world heritage tag to Santiniketan with Centre-approved board
  • Santiniketan, founded by Debendranath Tagore, and home to Visva-Bharati, accorded heritage status in mid-September
  • Initial plaques only bore names of Prime Minister Narendra Modi (Chancellor) and then Vice-Chancellor Bidyut Chakrabarty
  • Controversy ensued, administration claimed plaques were temporary and for demarcation
  • In late November, ASI-drafted texts in Hindi and English sent for correction and Bengali translation
  • University forms committee, and a trilingual board is erected on Wednesday night
  • ASI text praising Rabindranath Tagore toned down after committee review
  • New board highlights Santiniketan as a beacon of intercultural dialogue and artistic expression
  • Testifies to Rabindranath Tagore’s vision of an abode for global unity in diversity and pursuit of knowledge

No fait accompli: Page 12

  • Over five and a half years since the collapse of the elected government in Jammu & Kashmir, with Governor’s rule imposed and Assembly suspended.
  • Significant changes, including the removal of Article 370, bifurcation into Union Territories, and pending Supreme Court verdict on constitutionality.
  • Lok Sabha passes Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Amendment) Bill, 2023, and Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Bill, 2023.
  • Changes involve increasing Assembly seats from 107 to 114, with nine reserved for Scheduled Tribes, and replacing terms in the Reservation Act.
  • Propriety suggests waiting for the Supreme Court verdict before making legislative changes.
  • Concerns raised about changes appearing as fait accompli without the involvement of elected representatives from J&K.
  • Past years marked by suspension of political and civil liberties, arbitrary arrests, communication shutdowns, media constraints, and power cuts.
  • Emphasis on restoring the democratic process through popular elections and the urgent need for the restoration of Statehood.
  • Stress on avoiding changes that make citizens feel alienated, addressing long-pending issues, and setting the stage for resolving militancy.

Regulating deepfakes and Al in India: Page 14

  • Deepfakes, manipulated digital media using AI, raise concerns due to potential damage to reputations and trust in democratic institutions.
  • Recent case involving a deepfake video of actor Rashmika Mandanna sparks shock and horror on social media.
  • Deepfakes used in political campaigns, with instances in India involving BJP leader Manoj Tiwari and Madhya Pradesh Congress chief Kamal Nath.
  • International incidents highlight the dangerous consequences of rapidly evolving AI technology, such as a deepfake of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.
  • Deepfake technology emerges from AI and machine learning, blurring lines between fiction and reality.
  • Benefits of deepfake technology in education, film production, criminal forensics, and artistic expression, but also potential for exploitation, election sabotage, and misinformation.
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) creates Detect Fakes website to help identify deepfakes.
  • Legal vacuum in India regarding specific laws against deepfakes, but existing provisions under various legislations could offer relief.
  • Lack of focus on preventive measures and user awareness in current regulations.
  • Union Minister of Electronics and Information Technology announces draft regulations to address deepfakes, while the Minister of State maintains that existing laws are adequate.
  • Comparison with international approaches, such as the U.S. executive order and DEEP FAKES Accountability Bill, and the EU’s Code of Practice on Disinformation and proposed AI Act.
  • Calls for a comprehensive AI governance approach in India, considering safety standards, awareness, and innovation without impeding startups.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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