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The Hindu PDF 6 February 2024 Analysis

The Hindu PDF GKGSCA

The Hindu PDF 6 February 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

In the following article, we have shared the key points from The Hindu Newspaper today pdf for the students preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams. These points from The Hindu newspaper pdf serve as current affairs material for their preparation.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 6 February 2024 for UPSC

A critical view of the ‘sanitation miracle’ in rural India: Page 6
  • Sanitation coverage in India improved from 39% in 2014 to 100% in 2019 under the Swachh Bharat Mission-Grameen (SBM-G).
  • Phase II of SBM-G focuses on sustainability, promoting solid and liquid waste management, and covering previously left-out households.
  • Aim to transform India from ODF to ODF Plus by 2024-25; 85% of villages ODF Plus.
  • Behavioural change crucial for sustainability; NSSO survey shows 4% not using toilets, citing reasons like malfunction, uncleanliness, or personal.
  • Surveys in Bihar, Gujarat, Telangana show non-use of toilets despite access; reasons include lack of water, collapsed structures, or full pits.
  • NARSS-3 (2019-20) reports 95% rural population had toilet access, but only 85% used functional, hygienic toilets.
  • Challenges include left-out households and toilets unused for defecation.
  • Toilet use influenced by household size, social norms, and water access.
  • Lack of multiple toilets for larger households and detached bathrooms noted in Phase II.
  • Social networks influence sanitation behavior; varied networks observed in different parts of the country.
  • Upper castes had higher toilet access compared to Scheduled Castes; sanitation campaigns should consider social engineering.
  • Lack of synergy among programs for basic needs like sanitation, housing, and access to services leads to inefficient utilization of resources.
First among firsts: Page 6
  • Sinn Fein’s Michelle O’Neill becomes first nationalist First Minister of Northern Ireland, signifying political landscape shift.
  • Sinn Fein, once on fringes, now powerful force in Northern Ireland and Republic of Ireland.
  • Sinn Fein won largest share of votes in 2020 elections, emerged as largest party in 2022 with 29% vote share.
  • Good Friday Agreement mandates inclusion of largest and second largest political blocs in Northern Ireland’s government.
  • Chaos ensued after 2022 vote as DUP refused to form government with Sinn Fein over opposition to Northern Ireland Protocol.
  • DUP returned to power-sharing agreement after London reduced customs checks on Irish border and allocated £3 billion to Northern Ireland.
  • Sinn Fein campaigned on bread and butter issues, aims to address administrative challenges.
  • Sinn Fein’s leadership in Northern Ireland historic, symbolic of nationalist ascendancy amid economic and political discontent post-Brexit.
  • Majority of Northern Ireland voters still prefer UK affiliation, but Sinn Fein sees unification as within reach.
  • Sinn Fein leading government in Northern Ireland and being largest bloc in Republic of Ireland significant after Troubles and political reconciliation.
An Uttar Pradesh model to tackle malnutrition: Page 6
  • Uttar Pradesh exemplifies women’s empowerment in combating malnutrition through community-based micro enterprises led by self-help groups.
  • Department of Women and Child Development and Uttar Pradesh State Rural Livelihood Mission collaborated to establish decentralized production of take-home rations.
  • 20-member women groups use automated equipment to produce fortified foods for ICDS beneficiaries, reimbursed according to ICDS cost norms.
  • Project expanded to 202 production units across 43 districts, creating livelihoods for 4,080 women, reaching 12 million ICDS beneficiaries.
  • Gender-transformative approach empowers local women economically, providing livelihood opportunities and contributing to the local economy.
  • Shifted from centralized model to decentralized model, with self-help groups responsible for preparing and supplying specific caloric value rations.
  • Aim to generate additional income of ₹8,000 per month for each woman.
  • Take home ration reformulated to include high-quality milk powder, oil, vitamins, and minerals to prevent malnutrition.
  • Collaboration with WFP to enhance nutritional value and utilization of supplementary nutrition through ICDS scheme.
  • Research conducted to develop diverse, nutritious products under ICDS norms and global guidelines, including sweet and savory options in age-appropriate packaging.
  • App-based solution being developed to build capacities of women in producing take home rations and develop nutritious products for local markets.
  • Pilot project to strengthen supply chain and track home rations using QR codes during delivery, supported by WFP.
  • Expansion of micro-enterprises led by women demonstrates successful targeting and sustainable processes to improve long-term nutrition, emphasizing multi-stakeholder approach.
Myanmar’s civil war and India’s interests: Page 8
  • Conflict in Myanmar involving ethnic armed organizations (EAOs) gaining strength against military rule.
  • Fall of Paletwa alters dynamic between Chin and Arakan ethnic groups, both claiming historical ties to the region.
  • Inter-ethnic solidarity needed for governance framework in Paletwa; location strategic for Arakan Army.
  • Impact on India’s Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport Project (KMTTP), aimed at addressing northeast India’s geo-economic challenges.
  • Kaladan project delayed due to terrain, coordination issues, and security challenges in Myanmar.
  • Perception in India of Arakan Army’s opposition to Kaladan project; reports of coordinated operations against Arakan Army.
  • Concerns over China’s support for Arakan Army and increasing economic presence in Myanmar’s Bay of Bengal coast.
  • Need for humanitarian and development assistance to expedite projects like Kaladan, requiring monitoring of ethnic relations and geopolitical dynamics.
Indians win big at Grammys: Shakti takes home honours: Page 12
  • Indian musicians excel at 2024 Grammy Awards in Los Angeles.
  • Ustad Zakir Hussain wins three Grammys, including best global music performance and best contemporary instrumental album.
  • Rakesh Chaurasia, Shankar Mahadevan, Ganesh Rajagopalan, and Selvaganesh Vinayakram also win Grammys.
  • Fusion group Shakti, featuring Hussain and others, wins best global music album for “This Moment.”
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi praises the artists for making India proud.
  • Hussain expresses gratitude in acceptance speech, emphasizing love, music, and harmony.
  • Chaurasia highlights pride in winning as an Indian musician.
  • Mahadevan acknowledges John McLaughlin and Zakir Hussain in his remarks at the ceremony.
Maldives President Muizzu vows to boost defences after telling Indian troops to leave: Page 14
  • Maldives President Mohamed Muizzu vows to strengthen military defenses and boost maritime capabilities.
  • Orders Indian troops to withdraw from the archipelago, signaling a shift away from Indian influence towards closer ties with China.
  • Plans to modernize Maldivian National Defence Force (MNDF) to patrol vast maritime territory and defend against potential threats.
  • India to begin withdrawing troops and maritime reconnaissance aircraft by March 10, completing the process within two months.
  • Focus on strengthening surveillance capabilities to monitor the country’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
  • Accusations against India’s coastguard for entering Maldivian EEZ and intimidating fishing vessels.
  • Decision not to extend 2019 agreement for joint hydrographic surveying with India, citing concerns over foreign nation’s influence on mapping Maldivian oceans and coastlines.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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