The Hindu PDF 5 November 2023 Analysis

The Hindu PDF Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. This The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

Join us on Telegram

The Hindu PDF Analysis 5 November 2023 for UPSC

Free ration scheme to be extended for five more years: PM: Page 1

  • Free ration scheme extended for 5 more years.
  • Scheme provides 5 kg free foodgrains per month to 80 crore Indians.
  • Originally introduced in 2020 as a pandemic relief measure.
  • Additional 5 kg of free foodgrains per beneficiary in addition to NFSA entitlement.
  • NFSA rations made free for 1 year in December 2022, now extended further.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the extension at a poll rally in Chhattisgarh.
  • PM highlighted his government’s efforts in poverty reduction.
  • Mentioned allegations of casteism by some political parties.
  • PM Modi claimed that Congress was abusing him due to his OBC background.
  • Referenced a defamation case involving Rahul Gandhi’s remark about the ‘Modi’ surname.
  • The Supreme Court stayed Rahul Gandhi’s conviction in the case earlier this year.

IL-38s that heralded long-range surveillance for Navy fly into sunset: Page 9

  • IL-38 Sea Dragon aircraft de-inducted after 46 years of service.
  • Indian Naval Air Squadron (INAS) 315 commissioned on October 1, 1977.
  • IL-38 played a vital role in long-range maritime surveillance for the Navy.
  • Navy now uses Dorniers for lower-end surveillance and P-8Is for higher-end surveillance.
  • Looking to induct C-295 aircraft for medium-range maritime patrol in the future.
  • The IL-38 had electronic intelligence, signal intelligence, and sensor capabilities.
  • It was used in major operations and exercises by the Indian Navy.
  • Aging aircraft needed to be retired due to maintenance challenges.
  • Navy chief, Admiral R. Hari Kumar, acknowledges the aircraft’s contribution.
  • Winged Stallions squadron marked the end of a significant era in naval aviation.

‘Enemy property’ Butler Palace to turn into a tourist haven: Page 9

  • Butler Palace in Lucknow, a century-old structure, is undergoing a facelift to become a tourist attraction.
  • Originally built as the official residence of Commissioner Harcourt Butler in 1915.
  • Owned by the royal family of Mahmudabad, which migrated to India in the 13th century and settled in Lucknow in the 16th century.
  • Declared “enemy property” by the Indian government after the India-Pakistan war in 1965.
  • Lucknow Development Authority (LDA) received a no-objection certificate from the Custodian of Enemy Property Department for renovation.
  • LDA plans to rejuvenate the Butler lake, construct pathways, landscaping, lighting, and a cafeteria for visitors.
  • Renovation of Butler House and the construction of a musical fountain are part of the project.
  • Up to ₹5 crore allocated for work on the palace and the lake.
  • The project aims to create a tourist attraction with a heritage look.
  • The legal battle over the property is ongoing in the Supreme Court, involving the former royal family.
  • The palace has historical significance and was frequented by notable figures before and after Independence.

What is the status of Kavach installations?: Page 12

  • Deadly train collision in Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh could have been prevented with Traffic Collision Avoidance Systems (TCAS) like ‘Kavach.’
  • Kavach is an indigenously developed cab signalling train control system with anti-collision features.
  • Developed by Indian Railways Research Designs and Standards Organisation (RDSO) over 10 years, starting in 2012.
  • Kavach warns the loco pilot of a ‘red signal’ and automatically applies brakes if the train does not slow down below 15 km/h.
  • Kavach deployment involves Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology on tracks, RFID readers, computers, and brake interface equipment in locomotives, and radio infrastructure at railway stations.
  • The system enables communication between components to monitor train movements and transmit signals.
  • The Andhra Pradesh train accident was attributed to ‘human error’ by the loco pilot, which Kavach could have helped prevent.
  • Kavach costs ₹50 lakh per kilometer for deployment by Indian Railways.
  • Current Kavach coverage is limited to 1,500 km, and full implementation on high-density routes may take years.
  • Indian Railways has allocated ₹4,000 crore for Kavach in the Signalling and Telecom budget head for FY23-24, with a limited scope for implementation.

Why did India abstain from the call for truce?: Page 12

  • UNGA voted for a resolution calling for a “humanitarian truce” in Israel-Hamas conflict.
  • 120 countries voted for the resolution, while 14 voted against, and India abstained.
  • India’s abstention was criticized by some.
  • India cited its stance on terrorism as the reason for abstaining.
  • India wanted an “explicit condemnation” of Hamas for recent terror attacks, which the resolution lacked.
  • India’s historical stance on Palestine has evolved from being anti-Israel to a more nuanced approach.
  • The recent shift suggests India’s desire to maintain a balanced approach on global issues.

What has led to the Maratha quota agitation?: Page 12

  • Manoj Jarange-Patil from Marathwada region led the Maratha quota agitation in Maharashtra.
  • Demand: He called for blanket reservation in education and government jobs for all Marathas.
  • Trigger: Violence in Antarwali Sarati village on September 1 led to the agitation.
  • Concessions: Government granted a 40-day deadline to include Marathas in the OBC Kunbi category.
  • Politically Unmanageable: Jarange-Patil, a former Youth Congress district chief, is known for his unyielding stance.
  • History: The Maratha quota issue emerged in 2016, sparked by a rape-murder case.
  • Previous Attempt: A 16% reservation for Marathas was passed in 2018 but was later scrapped by the Supreme Court in 2021.
  • OBC Opposition: OBC communities protested against the inclusion of Marathas in the OBC category.
  • Dhangar Community: Dhangar community also sought inclusion in the Scheduled Tribes (ST) category.
  • Ongoing Pressure: Jarange-Patil threatened to disrupt politicians’ activities if the quota wasn’t granted.

‘Oligopolies’ control over rare earths is key green transition snag’: Page 14

  • Oligopolistic control over rare earth elements is a major obstacle to green technology scaling.
  • External funding for developing countries’ energy transition could be weaponized.
  • Investors in green transitions should avoid excessive greed and prioritize public goods creation.
  • Public investment is essential for green transitions, similar to past major transformations like post-World War II reconstruction and space exploration.
  • Market-based solutions to carbon emissions have limitations; focusing on economic growth is important.
  • Capital market liberalization may not precede economic evolution and can lead to over-financialization.
  • Supporting countries in prioritizing economic growth is crucial for climate security.
  • Access to rare earth elements and critical minerals is vital for green technologies but is controlled by an oligopoly.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

Note: Kindly Contact us regarding the copyright issues, we will assure you that, the copyrighted content will be removed within 24 hours.

2 thoughts on “The Hindu PDF 5 November 2023 Analysis”

Leave a Comment