The Hindu PDF 5 February 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.
In the following article, we have shared the key points from The Hindu Newspaper today pdf for the students preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams. These points from The Hindu newspaper pdf serve as current affairs material for their preparation.Join us on Telegram
The Hindu Epaper Analysis 5 February 2024 for UPSC
A sunshine initiative: Page 6
- Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced a plan to provide power to one crore households using rooftop solar panels.
- Estimated annual savings for households: ₹15,000.
- Households with monthly electricity consumption below 300 units eligible for mid-sized systems (1-2 kilowatt) with government bearing expenses.
- Proposed policy to increase subsidy from 40% to 60%, with the remaining financed by private developers affiliated with public sector enterprises connected to the Power Ministry.
- Net-metering allows surplus electricity to be sold back to the grid to offset the loan.
- Majority of Indian households (80-85%) consume between 100-120 units of power monthly.
- Centre, instead of State discoms, will promote solarisation, aiming to involve households in decarbonised power transition.
- Only 12 GW of rooftop solar panels installed out of intended 40 GW, with household rooftops contributing only 2.7 GW.
- Initiative aims to boost domestic solar panel industry; subsidies not available for imported panels.
- Initiative should be adjusted to accommodate State needs to avoid previous challenges.
Unending woes: Page 6
- Concern over arrests of fishermen from Tamil Nadu and Puducherry by Sri Lankan Navy in the Palk Bay.
- Staggering increase in arrests this year: 69 compared to 240 last year.
- Sri Lankan authorities detain fishermen, with some held in judicial custody for months; distressing confiscation of expensive fishing nets and vessels.
- Sri Lanka under pressure from its northern province fishermen due to bottom trawling, banned in July 2017.
- India promised to end bottom trawling in Palk Bay and incentivize deep-sea fishing under Blue Revolution Scheme, but bottom trawlers still active.
- Practical problem: Tamil Nadu’s fishing regulations allow mechanized boats only beyond three nautical miles from the coast, but Palk Bay is only nine nautical miles wide.
- Need for consistent handling of issue as a humanitarian concern; Joint Working Group (JWG) on Fisheries met only five times since 2016, last meeting in 2022.
- Urgent action needed to encourage deep-sea fishing, discourage bottom trawling, and resolve issue through mutual compassion and periodic talks to prevent peril for Indian fishermen in Palk Bay.
Micro-credentials, the next chapter in higher education: Page 6
- Higher education institutes (HEIs) in India need to ensure students are employable by connecting them with future careers.
- Micro-credentials are emerging as a disruptive method to bridge the gap between academic knowledge and employability.
- Micro-credentials are short-duration learning activities with specific learning outcomes validated through assessments.
- Offered in online, physical, or hybrid modes at various levels: beginning, intermediate, or advanced.
- Different terms used for micro-credentials: digital badges, micro-master degrees, nano-degrees, online certificates.
- Multiple platforms and organizations offer micro-credentials including Atingi, Alison.com, Coursera, edX, Google, Microsoft, etc.
- India’s National Credit Framework (NCrF) facilitates accumulation of credits for progression.
- Quality benchmarking and regulation of micro-credentials essential to ensure consistency and recognition.
- Indian HEIs should consider developing micro-credentials in partnership with industry, aligning with National Education Policy 2020.
- Micro-credentials increasingly valued by learners for enhancing skills and employability.
- Regulators and HEIs should harmonize micro-credentials with existing academic programs for validation.
On Uttarakhand’s uniform civil code: Page 8
- Uttarakhand Assembly likely to pass State’s Uniform Civil Code (UCC) Bill, fulfilling BJP’s election promise.
- UCC aims to create uniform laws for marriage, divorce, adoption, inheritance, mandated by Article 44 of the Constitution (Directive Principles of State Policy).
- Intense debate in Constituent Assembly: whether UCC should be fundamental right or directive principle.
- UCC proposal met with opposition, concerns about religious minority rights and diversity.
- Supreme Court has deliberated UCC in past judgments but refused to issue directive due to Parliament’s law-making authority.
- Law Commission’s recommendations on UCC: 21st Commission suggested against uniform code, recommending amendment of discriminatory practices within personal laws; 22nd Commission seeking views from stakeholders.
- Other BJP-ruled States like Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat also considering UCC.
- Centre may wait for States’ initiatives and Law Commission’s report before proposing pan-India UCC.
- Pending Supreme Court query on right to freedom of religion (Article 25) may impact UCC debate, but no progress has been made on it.
Ergosphere: making a black hole work: SCIENCE PAGE II
- Kerr black holes have a region outside the event horizon called the ergosphere.
- Ergosphere is where objects can enter and leave if moving fast enough but less than the speed of light.
- Named from the Greek word “ergon,” meaning work, as matter and energy can be extracted from it.
- Proposal to use ergosphere to accelerate objects by sending them in along the black hole’s rotation direction.
- Acceleration in ergosphere results in object exiting with increased speed, while black hole loses angular momentum.
Source: The Hindu Epaper
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