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The Hindu PDF Analysis 4 November 2023 for UPSC
- SC views the one-third reservation for women in Parliament and State legislatures as a positive step towards gender parity.
- However, the SC has reservations about ensuring the law’s implementation before the 2024 general election.
- Justice Sanjiv Khanna believes quick implementation would be akin to legislating.
- The case is scheduled for November 22, along with a similar petition.
- The petition questions a clause in the law that delays reservation until after the next census and delimitation exercise.
- Senior advocate Vikas Singh argues to declare the clause “void ab-initio” and questions the delay in implementing the unanimous constitutional amendment.
- Refers to past constitutional amendments that did not require Census data.
- Mentions the recent implementation of 10% EWS reservation without Census data.
- India commits to working with Sri Lanka on debt treatment as the nation tackles a severe economic crisis.
- Cooperation discussed between India and Sri Lanka in inter-grid connectivity, aviation, power projects, and oil exploration in Mannar.
- An MOU exchanged for $15 million assistance from India to promote Buddhist ties, with $10 million allocated for solar electrification of religious places.
- President Wickremesinghe thanks India for nearly $4 billion in assistance during Sri Lanka’s economic difficulties.
- A foundation stone laying ceremony for 10,000 houses in the hill country, built with Indian grant assistance, is virtually launched.
- The 12th round of negotiations on the Economic and Technology Cooperation Agreement (ETCA) between India and Sri Lanka took place from October 30 to November 1.
- India to open a new consulate in Seattle, home to major technology companies.
- Joint Secretary Prakash Gupta appointed as the first Consul-General for the Seattle consulate.
- The announcement about the consulate’s opening is expected during the “2+2” talks with U.S. officials on November 10.
- The consulate will have a two-man diplomatic mission and 16 non-diplomatic and local staff.
- The mission was first announced in 2016, and the proposal progressed slowly; the U.S. is also expected to open two new consulates in India.
- During PM Modi’s visit to Washington D.C. in June, the U.S. and India reiterated their plans for new consulates.
- Delays in the proposal were possibly related to a tussle over the sale of the old U.S. consulate building in Mumbai.
- S&P Global India Services PMI for October dropped to 58.4 from 61 in September, indicating a slowdown in India’s services economy.
- Growth in output and new business inflows remains strong but has decelerated due to competitive pressures and inflation.
- New business growth in October is the slowest since May.
- New job creation in October is the slowest in three months.
- International orders have seen the second-fastest increase since the start of the PMI series in September 2014.
- Input costs, output charges, and inflation rates are all on the rise, affecting business sentiment.
- Firms attribute the increase in input costs to higher food, fuel, and staff expenses, leading to higher prices.
- The Future Activity Index dropped more than five points in October, indicating reduced confidence in the services output outlook due to rising inflation expectations.
Source: The Hindu Epaper
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