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The Hindu PDF 4 December 2023 Analysis

The Hindu PDF GKGSCA

The Hindu PDF 4 December 2023 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. This The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 4 December 2023 for UPSC

A.P. braces for heavy rainfall as Michaung intensifies: Page 1

  • Cyclone Michaung intensifying in southwest Bay of Bengal
  • Expected landfall on Andhra Pradesh coast between Nellore and Machilipatnam on Tuesday morning
  • Severe cyclonic storm with max sustained wind speeds of 90-100 kmph, gusting to 110 kmph
  • Red alert in parts of Tamil Nadu: Chennai, Tiruvallur, Kancheepuram, and Chengalpattu
  • Heavy downpour expected over the next two days in mentioned Tamil Nadu districts
  • Extremely heavy rainfall expected in coastal A.P., Yanam, and Rayalaseema
  • Storm surge of more than a meter likely to inundate southern coastal districts of A.P. at landfall
  • PM Modi spoke to A.P. CM for rescue and relief preparations, assured Union government’s support
  • Disaster response teams deployed, relief camps set up, evacuation in progress in affected areas
  • Fishermen warned to stay away from the sea; precautions for protection of paddy harvest
  • Trains cancelled, schools shut on Monday in affected districts
  • Coastal districts of Nellore, Tirupati, Prakasam, Bapatla, Guntur, Krishna, and West Godavari may face damages
  • A.P. CM directs officials for “foolproof” relief and rescue measures, ensuring essential facilities in relief camps
  • Tamil Nadu CM Stalin reviews precautionary measures, 685 individuals evacuated to 11 relief camps
  • Over 500 personnel from State and National Disaster Response Forces rushed to various districts for assistance

India, disability inclusion and the power of ‘by’: Page 6

  • 1.3 billion people globally with disabilities; 80% in developing countries; 70% in rural areas.
  • Systems designed for non-disabled exclude; leads to poverty and discrimination.
  • Crucial for changing attitudes; inclusion should be “by” persons with disabilities.
  • Inclusion can boost global GDP by 3% to 7% (ILO study).
  • Limited access to education and employment in rural areas.
  • UDID card under Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act (2016).
  • ILO and IFAD initiative in Maharashtra; focuses on awareness and economic development.
  • Crucial for promoting employment; engage with federations and trade unions.
  • Inclusion crucial for social justice; shift in commitment, financing, and action needed.

On re-criminalising adultery: Page 8

  • Last month, Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home Affairs recommended re-criminalization of adultery in three new criminal law Bills.
  • The Committee suggested making adultery a criminal offense on gender-neutral lines.
  • The recommendation aims to safeguard the sanctity of marriage, considering it a sacred institution in Indian society.
  • The Committee argued that the previous Section 497 of the IPC only penalized married men, treating married women as the property of their husbands.
  • Opposition MPs argue against raising marriage to the level of a sacrament and reject state interference in private lives.
  • Legislative history involves Lord Macaulay’s initial reluctance, the Law Commission’s recommendations in 1971, and the Malimath Committee’s proposal in 2003 for gender-neutral adultery laws.
  • The Supreme Court, in 2018, unanimously decriminalized adultery, citing reasons like discrimination and privacy concerns.
  • The ruling clarified that adultery remains a civil wrong and grounds for divorce but is not a criminal offense.
  • Former CJI Dipak Misra highlighted that treating adultery as a crime would intrude into the extreme privacy of the matrimonial sphere.
  • The current recommendation to re-criminalize adultery faces opposition from some MPs who emphasize avoiding state interference in private lives.
  • The possibility of overturning the Supreme Court’s ruling exists through legislative action, but it requires addressing the legal basis of the judgment and curing the defects pointed out by the court.

India will not be bound by curbs on energy use, says senior official: Page 13

  • India will not be bound by restrictions on energy sources, says Leena Nandan, Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests.
  • India was absent from the list of 118 countries signing a pledge to triple installed renewable energy capacity by 2030 at COP-28.
  • India has not signed the “Declaration on Climate and Health,” emphasizing healthcare system preparedness for climate-related impacts.
  • Draft texts link climate and health goals to restricting fossil fuel emissions, urging a rapid increase in energy efficiency and phasing down unabated coal power.
  • India, reliant on coal power for improving living standards, asserts its right to use coal due to historical negligible contributions to the carbon crisis.
  • India expresses discomfort with linking healthcare and energy access objectives to cutting specific emissions categories.
  • India aims to be constructive in COP-28 negotiations but emphasizes not denying energy access to marginalized populations.
  • India’s latest communication to the UN indicates a 4% increase in greenhouse gas emissions from 2016-2019, with the energy sector contributing the most.

India agreed to withdraw troops from Male, says Muizzu after meeting Modi: Page 14

  • India agreed to the new Maldives government’s request to withdraw about 75 Indian military personnel focused on humanitarian operations.
  • Maldives President Mohammad Muizzu claimed the agreement after a meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the COP-28 Climate Summit in Dubai.
  • The withdrawal move, raised during Mr. Muizzu’s “India Out” election campaign, disappoints New Delhi, which urged Maldives to reconsider the utility of Indian personnel.
  • The Maldives President’s office stated that the Indian government assured respect for Maldives’ decision on troop withdrawal.
  • Government sources countered the claim, stating ongoing talks and the formation of a “core group” to assess whether Indian naval personnel should stay or leave.
  • The Ministry of External Affairs did not comment, but sources mentioned that the issue was briefly discussed during the Modi-Muizzu meeting in Dubai.
  • The contentious issue emerged after Muizzu won the presidential elections, replacing the more India-friendly former President Ibu Solih in October.

The transformative benefits of population-level genome sequencing: SCIENCE Page II

  • Genomics has undergone a revolutionary shift in the last decade with improved technologies for whole-genome sequencing, leading to population-scale genome-sequencing programs.
  • The UK completed half a million whole-genome sequences, approximately 0.7% of its population, with transformative implications for biological sciences.
  • The deCODE initiative in Iceland pioneered large-scale population genetic studies, contributing to disease understanding, risk assessment, and setting standards for handling genomic data.
  • Population-scale genome initiatives worldwide, such as the UK’s ‘100K Genome’ project, aim to integrate genomics into routine healthcare.
  • Global efforts, including the U.S.’s AllofUS program and the European Union’s ‘1+ Million Genomes’ initiative, are collecting genetic information for diverse objectives, from understanding disease prevalence to informing therapeutic targets.
  • The cost of whole-genome sequencing is decreasing, making it likely that a significant number of people globally will have their genome sequenced in the coming decade.
  • Ethical challenges, access issues, and concerns about equitable representation in genomic data sets accompany population-scale programs.
  • Asia and India are actively involved in population-level sequencing, with initiatives like the GenomeAsia project and IndiGen providing insights into genetic landscapes and diseases.
  • Population-scale genomics extends beyond individual health, contributing to the understanding of human evolution, migration patterns, and adaptation to diverse environments.
  • The long-term impact of population-scale genomics includes shaping human biology and revolutionizing healthcare toward personalized approaches.

Methane: More potent, less persistent: SCIENCE Page II

  • Methane (CH4) is an organic compound composed of carbon and four hydrogen atoms.
  • Methane is gaining attention as a potent climate pollutant during climate talks, alongside the focus on carbon and carbon dioxide emissions.
  • At COP-28, philanthropic bodies like the Sequoia Climate Foundation and the Bezos Earth Fund announced a collective investment of $450 million to address methane emissions.
  • Methane has a higher Global Warming Potential (GWP) than carbon dioxide; GWP is a measure of warming relative to the same mass of carbon dioxide.
  • GWP100 (measured over a century) for methane is 28, while carbon dioxide has a GWP100 of 1.
  • Despite its higher GWP, methane is considered a short-lived climate pollutant as it breaks down in the atmosphere within a matter of years.
  • Methane sources include cattle farming, landfills, wastewater treatment facilities, rice cultivation, and some industrial processes.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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