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The Hindu PDF 4 April 2024 Analysis

The Hindu PDF GKGSCA

The Hindu PDF 4 April 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

In the following article, we have shared the key points from The Hindu Newspaper today pdf for the students preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams. These points from The Hindu newspaper pdf serve as current affairs material for their preparation.

The Hindu Epaper Analysis 4 April 2024 for UPSC

SC to list pleas on verifying count in EVMs before polls : Page 1
  • Supreme Court to list petitions before Lok Sabha elections
  • Petitions seek directive to Election Commission for full count of VVPAT slips in all EVMs
  • Current practice: verification of votes in only five polling stations per Assembly constituency
  • Justice Sanjiv Khanna assures listing of case week after next
  • Petitioners include Association for Democratic Reforms
  • Reference to 2013 Supreme Court judgment on transparency in elections and VVPAT introduction
  • One petition challenges EC guideline on sequential VVPAT verification, proposes simultaneous verification
  • Government spent ₹5,000 crore on nearly 24 lakh VVPATs; only slips from 20,000 VVPATs verified
  • EC counters fundamental right of voter to verify votes through VVPATs in affidavit
  • EC assures EVM security, rules out need for redesigning VVPATs
  • Mandatory verification of printed VVPAT slips from five randomly selected polling stations per Assembly constituency
  • EC states counting 100% VVPAT slips would pose great difficulty
T.N. accuses Centre of delaying disaster relief funds : Page 1
  • Tamil Nadu accuses Union government of delaying disaster relief funds
  • Allegation of differential treatment compared to other states
  • Suit filed under Article 131 of the Constitution
  • Complaints about lack of flood relief after comments by Prime Minister Narendra Modi
  • Follows suits by Kerala and Karnataka in the Supreme Court
  • Tamil Nadu seeks ₹38,000 crore for Cyclone Michaung and floods
  • Representation sent to Centre in December 2023 for financial aid, no action taken
  • Urgency for release of funds to aid in restoration and rehabilitation
  • Request to Supreme Court to impose specific timeframe for fund release
Restrictions imposed on pilgrims visiting Ahobilam temple: Page 5
  • Restrictions imposed on visitors to Ahobilam temple by Forest Department and Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Devasthanam
  • Shrine composed of nine temples in Nallamala forest
  • Area covers Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve, declared in 1983, extending up to 3,727.82 sq km
  • Ahobilam National Tiger Conservation Authority oversees rare flora and fauna
  • Restrictions due to intense heatwave impacting movement of wild animals
  • Overnight stay prohibited to prevent man-animal conflict
  • Animal sacrifice explicitly prohibited at the shrine
Political affiliation does not influence selection process of new Sainik Schools: govt. : Page 12
  • Political or ideological affiliation doesn’t influence selection process of new Sainik Schools
  • Defence Ministry responds to reports, says scheme is well thought out
  • Attempts to politicize or distort objectives of scheme deemed unwarranted
  • Selection process rigorous, with checks and balances
  • Sainik Schools established in 1960s under Sainik Schools Society (SSS)
  • 33 existing Sainik Schools under Ministry
  • Union Cabinet approved launching 100 Sainik Schools under PPP in October 2021
  • Evaluation process includes School Evaluation Committee chaired by District Magistrate
  • Committee comprises principals of nearby Sainik Schools or Navodaya Vidyalaya
  • Physical inspection and credential verification conducted
  • Approval committee includes Joint Secretary, SSS as Chairperson, Secretary of CBSE, and eminent educationist as members
Nuclear power is key to development, says study: Page 12
  • Study by IIM-A emphasizes nuclear power as key to India’s development
  • India aims to be developed nation by 2047, achieve net zero by 2070
  • Currently, nuclear energy only constitutes 1.6% of India’s energy mix
  • Study explores various scenarios including high, medium, and low economic growth
  • Best-case scenario involves nuclear power rising five-fold by 2030 and 30-fold by 2050
  • Nuclear power to contribute 4% of India’s total energy by 2030, rising to 30% by 2050
  • Requires doubling of investments and access to adequate uranium
  • Authors highlight need for diverse energy technologies coexisting
  • Coal likely to remain backbone of Indian energy system
  • India needs significant investment of ₹150-200 lakh crore between 2020-2070 for transitions
India rejects report on abusive conditions at shrimp hatcheries: Page 12
  • India rejects allegations of human rights and environmental abuses in shrimp hatcheries
  • Commerce Ministry officials to meet seafood exporters to address concerns
  • India’s seafood exports in 2022-23 valued at $8.09 billion, with shrimps comprising bulk at $5.6 billion
  • India has become one of the largest shrimp exporters, with a 40% share in the U.S. market
  • Report by Corporate Accountability Lab (CAL) criticized working conditions in shrimp hatcheries, growing ponds, and peeling sheds
  • Senior official calls allegations baseless, asserts certification of entire shrimp export value chain by Marine Products Export Development Authority
  • Concerns seen as driven by vested interests aiming to tarnish reputation of Indian aquaculture sector
  • About a lakh shrimp farms in Andhra Pradesh contribute almost 70% of India’s shrimp output
  • Women constitute 70% of jobs in the sector
  • Ministry likely to advise exporters to conduct independent studies on working conditions to address concerns in major markets like U.S. and EU
  • Andhra Pradesh government asked to investigate allegations in CAL report
India among countries mulling telescopes on, around the moon : Page 7
  • Astronomers considering placing telescopes on and around the moon since 1950s
  • PRATUSH is India’s proposal for a high-resolution telescope on the moon
  • Earth-based telescopes face challenges like atmospheric pollution and electromagnetic interference
  • Moon offers pristine, airless conditions for telescopes during its long lunar night
  • Moon-based telescopes could provide clear views without interference from Earth’s atmosphere or ionosphere
  • Instruments on the moon could detect signals from the Dark Ages, a period before stars formed
  • China, NASA, and ESA planning missions to place telescopes on the moon or in lunar orbit
  • China’s Queqiao-2 satellite, launched in March, carries a radio telescope payload
  • PRATUSH, being developed by Raman Research Institute with ISRO, will orbit the moon to study the universe
  • PRATUSH will carry advanced equipment to capture radio signals from the Dark Ages
  • Moon-based telescopes expected to provide insights into dark energy, primordial black holes, and the nature of the cosmos
Fiscal battle: Page 8
  • Supreme Court refers Kerala’s suit against Centre’s borrowing limits to Constitution Bench
  • Suit raises questions on Centre’s power to regulate State borrowings
  • Article 293 grants States executive power to borrow within limits set by State legislature
  • Kerala argues Centre can only regulate borrowings from itself, not all State loans
  • Kerala challenges inclusion of State-owned enterprises’ borrowings in ‘Net Borrowing Ceiling’
  • Union government amended Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act in 2018 to cap general government debt at 60% of GDP
  • Union aims to prevent off-budget borrowings bypassing borrowing ceiling
  • Kerala, known for social advancement, faces crisis amid revenue distribution formula favoring states with better social indicators
  • Court to decide on Centre’s strictness in borrowing limits while respecting federal norms
Dangerous game : Page 8
  • Supreme Court issues contempt notice against Patanjali Ayurved for misleading advertisements violating Drugs and Magic Remedies Act
  • Threatens Baba Ramdev with perjury proceedings for false claims
  • Government criticized for turning a blind eye to Patanjali’s promotion of Coronil as COVID-19 cure
  • Presence of Union Health Minister and Union Minister at Patanjali’s press conference lent credibility to claims
  • Patanjali continues advertisement spree claiming cures for non-communicable diseases, denigrating evidence-based medicine
  • Court warns Patanjali to cease false claims, threatens ₹1 crore penalty for each product
  • Patanjali holds press conference defending products despite warning
  • Company issues newspaper advertisements despite warning, leading to contempt notice
  • Suspicions of government support for Patanjali’s actions raised
  • Government favoritism in health matters can be dangerous, prioritizing commercial interests over public health and safety is perilous
Systems science for a better future : Page 8
  • Pew Research Center survey shows significant preference for authoritarian rulers in many countries
  • Citizens losing trust in government economic policies due to increasing wealth inequality and environmental degradation
  • Global economy and population growth pushing humanity to brink, with overuse of fossil energy and water scarcity
  • India faces challenges with 17.5% of world population on 2.4% of world land, environmental degradation, and increasing inequality
  • Fragmentation of sciences into narrow silos hinders understanding of complex systems
  • Economics evolved into an ideology favoring free market fundamentalism, prioritizing capital over human rights
  • Specialization devalues systems knowledge, leading to hubris and threats to humanity’s existence
  • People seek certainty in uncertain times, turning to godmen, dictators, and technologists
  • Need for a higher-level science focused on holistic, self-adaptive systems
  • Cooperation-driven organizations necessary for improving well-being of everyone
  • Women’s contributions undervalued, need for more caring and less competitive approach to world’s problems
Turning the spotlight on the urban poor: Page 8
  • India Employment Report (IER) 2024 by Institute for Human Development and International Labour Organization raises questions on trickle-down effect of economic growth on urban poor
  • Urban areas show higher unemployment rate but also higher average monthly earnings compared to rural areas
  • Migration for economic mobility declining, rural poor migrating to urban slums instead of formal settlements
  • Survey conducted in Kolkata’s slums shows stability in major occupations like unskilled labor, while skilled and semi-skilled labor decreased, and petty businesses or small shops increased
  • Income trends in slums show decline in average monthly income, especially for government employees, with rise in engagement in petty business and construction work
  • Similar trends reflected in IER 2024, with increase in self-employment but decline in real monthly wages for self-employed and regular workers
  • Gender composition in workforce in slums shows decline in overall percentage of women, while IER 2024 indicates increase in women’s workforce participation
  • Rise in casual work, particularly labor work, due to increasing wages, but lacks social security
  • Self-employment rising without commensurate rise in income, leading to deeper poverty among urban poor
  • Need for more public support in urban areas for access to cheap food and gainful employment, focusing on rural non-farm sector growth
Living wills implementation lags in India: Page 9
  • Living wills have been legal in India since 2018, allowing terminally-ill patients to withhold or withdraw treatment and die with dignity
  • However, the implementation process remains complex and unavailable in most of India, with officials unlikely to implement it without direct orders and guidance from State governments
  • Initially, the process created by the Supreme Court was overly complex, with requirements such as living wills needing to be countersigned by a judicial magistrate
  • The Court recognized the impracticality of these requirements in January 2023 and streamlined the procedure, but local governments have not generally designated custodians for living wills or developed protocols for authentication through digital health records
  • Even if a living will is made, decisions on withholding or withdrawing treatment must be certified by primary and secondary medical boards, which may not be readily available in hospitals
  • Lack of clarity in Indian law regarding ‘next of kin’ complicates decision-making when family members disagree
  • Officials and State governments are hesitant to take action due to the sensitive nature of the subject, lack of clarity in guidelines, and high stakes involved
  • Some States, like Maharashtra and Odisha, have taken steps to address the issue, but more comprehensive efforts are needed from both State and Central governments to effectively implement the judgment
  • Until implementation occurs, doctors may remain hesitant to act in patients’ best interests, fearing legal implications
Should State Governments borrow more?: Page IO
  • Kerala government approached Supreme Court regarding borrowing limitations by Union government, citing violation of federalism.
  • State governments largely responsible for daily-life sectors’ spending, despite Union’s tax-raising power.
  • Social services expenditure: Union – ₹2,230 billion, States – ₹19,182 billion.
  • Developmental vs non-developmental expenditures categorized by RBI.
  • State governments’ developmental expenditures rose significantly, aiding livelihood crisis alleviation.
  • Kerala’s social sector spending high historically, with emphasis on education, health.
  • Kerala’s budget allocates significant portion to salaries, pensions.
  • Concern: low capital expenditure (10.6% in 2022-23) hindering infrastructure development.
  • State governments receive funds from own revenues, Union transfers, market borrowings.
  • Kerala increased spending in COVID-19 aftermath, relied on increased borrowing.
  • Supreme Court referred Kerala’s plea for additional borrowing to Constitution Bench.
  • Argument for increased government spending in Kerala, especially in higher education and research.
  • Keynesian economists argue government borrowing can stimulate economy if resources are used effectively.
  • Kerala’s borrowing largely domestic; region has substantial private savings.
  • Collaboration between Union and State governments necessary to address common challenges.
Nine dead, 1,000 injured as 7.4-strong quake hits Taiwan: Page 14
  • Nine people killed, over 1,000 injured in Taiwan due to a powerful earthquake
  • Strict building regulations and public disaster awareness helped prevent a catastrophe
  • Dozens trapped in areas isolated by landslides triggered by the quake
  • Strongest earthquake in Taiwan in 20 years, since the 1999 7.6 magnitude quake
  • Epicenter located 18 km south of Hualien City, depth of 34.8 km
  • Three hikers crushed to death by boulders, two drivers killed by falling rocks, one man died at a mine quarry
  • 1,011 people injured in Hualien county

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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