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The Hindu PDF 20 January 2024 Analysis

The Hindu PDF GKGSCA

The Hindu PDF 20 January 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

In the following article, we have shared the key points from The Hindu Newspaper today pdf for the students preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams. These points from The Hindu newspaper pdf serve as current affairs material for their preparation.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 20 January 2024 for UPSC

Reforms led to India’s success in sports: PM: Page 1
  • PM Modi credits India’s success in sports to various reforms by the government
  • Attributes success in international events like Tokyo Olympics, Asian Games, and Paralympics to government support
  • Highlights confidence and support provided to athletes in the last 10 years
  • Mentions Khelo India and Target Olympic Podium Scheme (TOPS) as transformative measures
  • Government aims for strong support leading to success in the 2028 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles
  • Emphasizes the proactive approach of taking sports to the youth, not waiting for them to come
  • Government’s goal to make India a key global sports center, eyeing Youth Olympics in 2029 and Olympic Games in 2036
  • Sports industry in India expected to be worth ₹1 lakh crore in a few years
  • Sports seen as not just a field activity but also a significant economic opportunity
  • PM Modi’s assurance of a promising future for youth aspiring for a career in sports and related sectors
  • Recognizes Tamil Nadu’s special contribution to India’s sports success with notable athletes in tennis, hockey, Paralympics, and chess
  • Expresses confidence that players from across the country participating in the Khelo India Youth Games in Tamil Nadu will enjoy the warmth of its people.
Andhra becomes 2nd State to take up ‘caste census’: Page 4
  • Andhra Pradesh starts comprehensive caste census, scheduled for 10 days from January 19.
  • Volunteers to visit every home to collect caste details, which will be relayed to the village secretariat system.
  • Andhra Pradesh becomes the second state after Bihar to undertake a caste census.
  • Officials in the village secretariat system will verify and correct information collected by volunteers.
  • Each volunteer assigned to cover 50 households.
  • Confidence expressed that the census will be completed before the election notification around February 15.
  • YSRCP government considers the caste census as a significant goal to improve living standards.
  • Believes that the enumeration can help address the welfare needs of castes not benefiting from existing schemes.
  • Emphasizes the lack of caste census in India post-independence, with only population censuses conducted.
  • Opinions from caste representatives across the state were considered in the process.
Warmer winter impacts ice hockey, 105-km Chadar trek in country’s coldest region of Ladakh: Page 4
  • Unusually warm winter impacts ice hockey and Chadar trek in Ladakh.
  • Ice hockey rinks in Kargil use fans for safety due to poor ice formation.
  • Ice hockey in Leh less impacted.
  • Safety measures in Kargil to counter warmer weather for player protection.
  • Ice hockey requires -4 degrees Celsius for favorable playing conditions.
  • Concerns raised about the impact on locals as ice formation is vital for sports preparation.
  • Ladakh’s warm weather affects participation in national and international events.
  • November and December in Ladakh warmer than the previous year, deficient snowfall reported.
  • Chadar trek shortened due to late ice sheath formation; started on January 14 instead of January 8.
  • Trekkers limited to 14-16 km for safety; last year, the trek covered 8-9 days when lake frozen below -30 degrees Celsius.
  • Recce finds only 15 km of Chadar trek formed well; delayed due to weak ice formation.
  • Leh records 1.2 cm snowfall in November-December, less than the 2.6 cm last year.
  • Drass in Ladakh, the second coldest place globally, experiences temperatures below -50 degrees Celsius.
Gearing up for change: Page 6
  • India Meteorological Department (IMD) marks its 150th year, originally focused on southwest monsoon analysis.
  • IMD now covers a wide range of climate and weather aspects, from cyclones to fog.
  • A recent study by the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) analyzes monsoon trends at the tehsil level from 1982-2022.
  • Findings show monsoon rainfall increasing in 55% of India’s tehsils, with 11% experiencing decreasing rainfall.
  • 68% of tehsils with reduced rainfall in all four monsoon months; 87% decline in June and July, crucial for kharif crops.
  • Indo-Gangetic plains, northeastern India, and the Indian Himalayan region most affected.
  • 30% of India’s districts witness years of deficient rainfall, 38% experience excessive rainfall.
  • Changes in the northeast monsoon; increased rain in Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh.
  • Southwest monsoon contributes to 76% of India’s annual rainfall, northeast monsoon contributes 11%.
  • India’s monsoons prone to long dry spells and intense wet spells; the impact of natural variability and global warming under research.
  • Calls for region-specific plans to improve climate resilience and allocate funds/resources.
  • Emphasis on prioritizing regional and sub-district forecasts for better climate planning.
The problem with India’s science management: Page 6
  • India’s sustained economic progress relies on scientific advances and deployable technologies.
  • Government overhauls science establishment with the National Research Foundation (NRF) and DRDO restructuring.
  • India’s low research and development expenditure (0.7% of GDP) compared to the US (3.5%) and China (2.4%) limits scientific outcomes.
  • Importance of wisely allocating funds for high-impact projects due to low overall expenditure.
  • Challenges in the scientific administration reflected in the space program, nuclear energy, genomics, robotics, and artificial intelligence.
  • Dominance of the public sector in India’s science; bureaucratic issues and inadequate long-term funding.
  • Outsized role of senior scientists in India’s science administration; lack of accountability for failings.
  • Issues with scientists assuming administrative roles; administration requiring a different skill set.
  • Conflicts of interest, red tape, and culture issues prevalent in Indian science administration.
  • Historical context of gatekeepers and concentration of equipment in a few institutions contributing to the current problems.
  • Proposal for a separation of scientists and administrators, considering a middle-way arrangement like the US.
  • Suggestion to establish an all-India pool for a science administration central service to train and select science administrators.
  • Emphasis on the need to teach and practice administration separately from the subject matter being administered.
  • Core concerns in India’s science establishment need addressing for economic and strategic aspirations.
‘Royal’ welcome planned for Macron as he arrives for R-Day: Page 10
  • French President Emmanuel Macron’s two-day visit to India as the chief guest for Republic Day celebrations.
  • Macron’s visit organized on short notice after U.S. President Biden declined the invitation.
  • Itinerary includes a motorcade parade with Prime Minister Modi in Jaipur, bilateral talks, and a gala banquet at a royal palace.
  • Macron arrives in Jaipur on January 25, received by Modi, followed by a roadshow and bilateral talks.
  • On January 26, Macron officiates Republic Day parade in Delhi, attends French Embassy functions, and ‘At Home’ tea at Rashtrapati Bhavan.
  • At least a dozen MoUs expected to be signed in Jaipur, with focus on digital collaboration, defense deals, and strategic partnerships.
  • Special emphasis on progress in areas like maritime security, Indo-Pacific strategy, climate change, and space agency collaborations.
  • Long-pending project for six nuclear power reactors in Maharashtra faces challenges in cost, feasibility, and nuclear liability.
  • Talks on the 2047 Horizon Road map, covering security, sovereignty, planet, and people partnerships.
  • Efforts to strengthen trade relationship, which reached $13.7 billion last year but remains lower compared to other ties.
  • Macron’s visit seen as high on symbolism due to the close personal relationship between Modi and Macron.
  • France, a special partner and strong supporter of India, has been invited the most number of times for Republic Day celebrations.
Understanding the body’s perception of pain key to evolving new drugs, says Nobel Laureate David Julius: Page 10
  • Pain perception is universal but can be influenced by culture.
  • Current painkillers, opioids, and NSAIDs will remain the mainstay of treatment.
  • David Julius, 2021 Nobel laureate, discussed “How we sense pain” at TNQ Distinguished Lectures.
  • Discovered TRPV1, a pain receptor activated by capsaicin in chilli peppers.
  • Investigated the unresolved riddle of how capsaicin activates nerve cells causing pain sensations.
  • Pain-pathway system acts as a warning system against tissue damage but can become hypersensitive, causing chronic pain.
  • Understanding pain management crucial to developing new therapeutic options.
  • Chilli peppers and capsaicin play a key role in Dr. Julius’s investigation into pain sensation.
  • Eating spicy foods can trigger sensations of heat, helping regulate body temperature.
  • Behavioral adaptation may explain why different cultures have varying tolerance for spicy foods.
  • Research made possible by grants from public funds; Dr. Julius emphasizes the importance of using taxes for curiosity-driven research.
  • TNQ lecture series invites eminent scientists, including Nobel laureates, for public talks on their work in life sciences.
  • Dr. Julius will lecture in Bengaluru and Mumbai following his talk in Delhi.
Airbus and CSIR-IIP to collaborate on producing sustainable aviation fuel: Page 12
  • Airbus and CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum (CSIR-IIP) signed an MoU for collaboration on sustainable aviation fuel (SAF).
  • Aim is to develop technologies, test, and qualify indigenous SAF using HEFA technology with locally sourced feedstocks.
  • HEFA technology refines vegetable oils, waste oils, or fats into SAF through a hydrogenation process.
  • Collaboration supports Indian aerospace industry’s decarbonization goals by promoting SAF production and commercialization.
  • Focus on technical assessment, approvals, market access, and sustainability accreditation for SAF production.
  • SAF, including that developed by CSIR-IIP, seen as a significant measure for industry decarbonization.
  • Challenges include ramping up SAF production and addressing cost differentials compared to conventional jet fuel.
  • Airbus aircraft certified to fly on 50% SAF blend, aiming for 100% SAF compatibility by 2030.
  • Collaboration with CSIR-IIP to contribute to achieving the 100% SAF compatibility goal.
  • CSIR-IIP to study fuel properties, impact on aircraft systems, and environment under the new pathway.
  • Airbus to provide guidance on the new fuels evaluation process, sharing fuel testing and aircraft systems knowledge.
  • India seen as a potential global SAF production hub leveraging feedstock availability, local talent, and expertise.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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