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The Hindu PDF 19 June 2023 Analysis

The Hindu PDF GKGSCA

The Hindu PDF Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. This The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

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The Hindu PDF Analysis 19 June 2023 for UPSC

Indian drugs under lens in Sri Lanka over adverse events: Page 1

  1. Imported Indian drugs have caused complications and fatalities in Sri Lanka, raising concerns about their quality and safety.
  2. A patient died at the Peradeniya Teaching Hospital after being administered an Indian-manufactured anaesthetic drug, Bupivacaine, which led to increased worries among the local population.
  3. Transparency International Sri Lanka filed a petition in the Supreme Court challenging the procurement of drugs from unregistered suppliers and questioned the role of the national drug regulator.
  4. The Supreme Court suspended imports from Gujarat-based Savorite Pharmaceuticals (Pvt) Ltd. and Chennai-based Kausikh Therapeutics due to the ongoing case.
  5. In another incident, patients experienced visual impairment after receiving Indian medicines following eye surgery at a hospital in Nuwara Eliya.
  6. The media in Sri Lanka has highlighted the potential national-level health threat posed by Indian drugs and cited cases from other countries where Indian-made cough syrups were linked to child deaths.
  7. India has been the major source of medical supplies for Sri Lanka, accounting for nearly half of its pharmaceutical imports.
  8. Sri Lanka’s economic crisis and shortages of essential supplies, including medicines, led to increased reliance on India for medical imports.
  9. The recent death at a Sri Lankan hospital has raised questions about the quality of imported drugs and the responsibility of Sri Lanka’s national drug regulator.
  10. Health authorities in Sri Lanka are conducting tests and seeking compensation from Indian manufacturers. The Minister of Health acknowledged the possibility of quality failures in specific batches and the need to address transportation and storage issues.
  11. The situation reflects a crisis in Sri Lanka’s health sector, characterized by persistent drug shortages and concerns about the quality of available drugs.
  12. Shortages of routine and vital drugs in government hospitals have forced low-income families to purchase them from private pharmacies.

Responsibility and the complexities of climate leadership: Page 8

  1. There is a campaign to remove Sultan Al Jaber, the President-Designate of COP28, from his position because he is the CEO of the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company.
  2. Representatives from developing countries, including Bangladesh and the Maldives, and leaders of the Climate Vulnerable Forum, emphasize the urgency of the climate challenge and the need for a united approach.
  3. Sultan Al Jaber has shown leadership in renewable energy through his role in Masdar, which has made significant investments in solar and wind projects.
  4. Finance is crucial for COP28, and the Climate Prosperity Plans aim to generate substantial investments in clean energy infrastructure in developing countries.
  5. Unsustainable debts and climate damages caused by emissions elsewhere pose barriers to clean energy investment and climate adaptation in many nations, and a collective approach is needed to address these challenges.
  6. Sovereign wealth funds and multilateral development banks can assist in de-risking restructured debts and supporting climate bonds.
  7. The call is made for the transformation of the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company into the Abu Dhabi Clean Energy and Grid Company by 2030 and for global financial reform, including reform of the International Monetary Fund.
  8. The Loss and Damage fund should be adequately funded to address climate damages in vulnerable countries, and fossil fuel-dependent economies should make subscriptions to support such funding.
  9. The article emphasizes the need for inclusive decision-making and engagement with the fossil fuels industry to make significant commitments to emissions cuts and climate action.
  10. The time is running out to achieve the 1.5°C Paris target, and collective efforts are necessary to save it.

China’s ‘developmental’ security approach: Page 10

  1. The Chinese government has cracked down on American consultancy firms and domestic firms dealing with overseas clients, including Micron, Capvision, Bain and Co., and Mintz.
  2. These crackdowns are seen as retaliatory measures against the U.S.-led efforts to constrain China’s tech advancement, particularly in the area of advanced computing chips and supercomputers.
  3. The Chinese government aims to capitalize on the divergence between the U.S. administration and the American business community over China policy by restricting access to the Chinese market for American firms.
  4. The crackdowns on consultancy and due diligence firms create regulatory challenges for overseas businesses operating in China, as these firms help navigate the regulatory environment.
  5. Chinese authorities justify their actions on national security grounds, reflecting President Xi Jinping’s emphasis on balancing development with security and securitizing non-traditional security issues such as cybersecurity and data/information security.
  6. Recent amendments to China’s Counter-Espionage Law and the unveiling of a position paper on Global Digital Governance further demonstrate China’s focus on national security in all aspects of governance and developmental strategy.
  7. The Chinese administration suspects foreign businesses, including due diligence firms and consultancies, of engaging in espionage and extracting sensitive data under the guise of information exchange.
  8. China faces a regulatory dilemma as development and security exert opposing forces, leading to restrictive measures that impinge upon free economic activity and potentially harm foreign business sentiment in the long run.
  9. From India’s perspective, China’s discourse on balancing development with security presents a contradiction, as China urges India to prioritize economics and development while keeping security issues in their proper place.

Blinken arrives in Beijing as U.S. and China look to mend fractured ties: Page 15

  1. Antony Blinken, the U.S. Secretary of State, visited Beijing in the first visit by a U.S. Secretary of State in five years.
  2. The visit aimed to manage the increasingly fractious relationship between the United States and China.
  3. Blinken held talks with Chinese Foreign Minister Qin Gang for several hours, emphasizing the importance of diplomacy and open communication channels.
  4. Both sides discussed how to responsibly manage the relationship between the two countries and reduce the risk of misperception and miscalculation.
  5. An agreement was reached to encourage more exchanges, including increasing passenger flights and visits by students, scholars, and businesspeople.
  6. The Chinese Foreign Ministry stated that both sides agreed to implement the common understandings reached by the two Presidents in Bali and to maintain high-level interactions.
  7. The Taiwan issue was a significant topic of discussion, with China describing it as the most consequential issue and the most pronounced risk in the China-U.S. relationship.
  8. While a breakthrough in key issues is not expected, the visit itself is seen as a sign of progress by both sides.
  9. A meeting between Blinken and Chinese President Xi Jinping could take place, potentially paving the way for a meeting between U.S. President Joe Biden and the Chinese President later this year.
  10. The G-20 Summit in New Delhi in September could serve as a platform for the first meeting between Biden and Xi since the Bali summit.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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