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The Hindu PDF 18 January 2024 Analysis

The Hindu PDF GKGSCA

The Hindu PDF 18 January 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

In the following article, we have shared the key points from The Hindu Newspaper today pdf for the students preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams. These points from The Hindu newspaper pdf serve as current affairs material for their preparation.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 18 January 2024 for UPSC

Top court wants authorities to act tough on incitement to violence, hate speech: Page 1
  • Supreme Court emphasizes that incitement to violence and hate speech are not permissible.
  • Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh police, along with local authorities, instructed to monitor public events by Hindu Janajagruti Samiti and BJP MLA T. Raja Singh.
  • Justices Sanjiv Khanna and Dipankar Datta direct District Magistrates and Superintendents of Police to investigate allegations of hate speech against the mentioned parties.
  • Plea filed by Shaheen Abdulla represented by Kapil Sibal and Nizam Pasha to withdraw permissions for the events.
  • Authorities urged to be vigilant, and if necessary, install CCTV cameras to identify perpetrators in case of violence or hate speech.
  • Allegations against Hindu Janajagruti Samiti for organizing events demonizing Muslims and calling for their boycott.
Modi unveils three projects worth crore in Kochi: Page 6
  • Modi unveils three projects in Kochi worth ₹4,000 crore.
  • Projects include a new dry dock and an international ship repair facility of Cochin Shipyard Ltd, and an LPG import terminal of Indian Oil Corporation Limited at Puthuvypeen.
  • Aim is to transform India’s ports, shipping, and inland waterways, boosting capacity building and self-sufficiency.
  • Modi highlights reforms for ease of business in these areas, Sagarmala project to improve port connectivity.
  • Largest dry dock to reduce dependence on foreign countries for vessel repairs, saving foreign exchange.
  • ISRF to make Kochi South Asia’s largest ship-repair center.
  • Inauguration expected to create a new ecosystem of MSMEs in shipbuilding and repair.
  • LPG import terminal to meet needs of Kochi, Kozhikode, Coimbatore, Erode, Salem, Madurai, and Trichy.
  • Modi notes improved turnaround time for ships at Indian ports, surpassing many developed nations.
  • Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan emphasizes ‘Made in Kerala’ as a significant part of the ‘Make in India’ initiative.
Regional turmoil: Page 8
  • West Asia faces regional turmoil with conflicts extending beyond Israel and Hamas.
  • Israel conducts targeted strikes in Lebanon and Syria, engaging with Hezbollah, Hamas, and Iranian commanders.
  • Hezbollah in southern Lebanon exchanges fire with Israeli troops.
  • Iran-backed militias in Syria and Iraq attack U.S. forces.
  • Houthis in Yemen turn the Red Sea into a battlefield.
  • U.S. conducts airstrikes in Iraq, Syria, and Yemen against Shia militias.
  • Sunni Islamist militants attack Iran, causing casualties.
  • Iran claims destruction of Israeli intelligence outpost in Iraq’s Kurdistan and training camps in Syria and Pakistan.
  • Regional anarchy emerges with countries taking unilateral military measures, risking wider conflict.
  • Previous stability undermined despite positive developments like the Abraham Accords.
  • Palestine returns to the center of West Asian conflicts.
  • Call for an immediate ceasefire in Gaza and a comprehensive peace process involving key stakeholders for regional security.
A search for deterrence in the Red Sea: Page 8
  • Houthi rebels from Yemen respond to Israeli attacks and Gaza bombing by attacking merchant shipping in the Red Sea.
  • Attacks involve drones, anti-ship ballistic missiles (ASBMS), and even hijacking using helicopters.
  • U.S. designates Houthis as a global terrorist group, raising concerns about access to the global financial system.
  • Growing complexity in the Red Sea situation impacting stability and trade, modern weaponry used.
  • Challenges in international cooperation and interoperability among maritime forces.
  • Delayed international response and lackluster allies’ participation in Operation Prosperity Guardian.
  • Divisions among nations supporting freedom of navigation and maritime security.
  • Houthis taking advantage of international divisions, questioning the U.S. as a global dominant nation.
  • Call for a need for calibrated actions to address the situation, emphasizing the importance of stopping the supply of weaponry.
  • Caution against turning Yemen into a battleground like Lebanon, highlighting the need for an achievable end state.
On delisting some Kuki-Zomi tribes: Page 10
  • Centre asks Manipur Government to examine a representation seeking delisting of certain Kuki and Zomi tribes from the Scheduled Tribes (ST) list.
  • Representation sent by Maheshwar Thounaojam, National Secretary of the Republican Party of India in Manipur.
  • Representation argues for the inclusion of Meiteis in the ST list by excluding certain Kuki and Zomi tribes.
  • Ethnic conflict between Meitei people and Kuki-Zo (ST) people in Manipur triggers the representation.
  • Meiteis seek ST status due to land ownership issues in forested hill districts.
  • Representation objects to the inclusion of “Any Mizo(Lushai) Tribes,” “Zou,” and “Any Kuki Tribes” in the ST list.
  • Claims made that these tribes are not “indigenous” to Manipur, aiding illegal immigrants, and lack pre-Independence Census mention.
  • Counterargument: First Backward Classes Commission recommended adding individual tribe names to the ST list for Manipur.
  • In 1956, ST list included 29 entries with individual tribe names; “Any Mizo (Lushai) Tribe” and “Zou” entries included.
  • 1965 Lokur Commission noted “splintering tendency” among Kuki tribes, recommended mentioning tribe names in the ST list.
  • In 2002-2003, “Any Kuki Tribes” added to the ST list, but Bhuria Commission Report of 2002-2004 recommended mentioning tribe names to address confusion.
Where do China-Taiwan relations stand?: Page 10
  • Taiwan concluded democratic elections on January 13, with Lai Ching-te of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) elected as President for a third term.
  • Nauru announces the shift of diplomatic relations from Taiwan to China shortly after the election results.
  • China’s pattern of luring smaller nations with promises of financial investment and infrastructure development contributes to the shift.
  • Diplomatic space for Taiwan has reduced under President Tsai Ing-wen, with only 11 countries recognizing Taiwan compared to 22 in 2016.
  • China’s assertiveness linked to Taiwan’s refusal to accept the ‘1992 consensus,’ which acknowledges ‘one China.’
  • Rise in ‘Taiwanisation’ and younger generation in Taiwan not feeling historical affinity with China.
  • President Xi Jinping emphasizes rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and reunification with Taiwan as essential goals.
  • DPP’s electoral victory indicates that the Taiwanese people are not in a hurry for reunification.
  • Taiwan’s democracy has strengthened since the first democratic elections in 1996, challenging the notion of CPC as the only political option.
  • The pressure on Taiwan is expected to increase under President Lai and DPP’s tenure, posing diplomatic challenges.
India defends Iran, cites its position against terrorism: Page 12
  • India supports Iran’s missile attack on alleged terror camps in Pakistan’s Balochistan as an act of “self-defence.”
  • Ministry of External Affairs emphasizes an “uncompromising” position on terrorism.
  • Statement acknowledges the issue as bilateral between Iran and Pakistan, refraining from commenting on strikes in Iraq and Syria.
  • Strikes occurred a day after Indian External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar’s visit to Iran, indicating growing diplomatic engagement.
  • India’s comments defend Iran amid tensions in West Asia over Israel’s war on Gaza, U.S. strikes on Yemen, and Houthi rebel attacks in the Red Sea.
  • White House National Security Council condemns strikes against Iraq as “reckless and imprecise.”
  • Pakistan reacts sharply, recalling its Ambassador from Tehran and canceling high-level visits.
  • Iran’s Foreign Minister emphasizes strikes targeted terrorists, not citizens of Iraq and Pakistan.
  • Diplomatic engagement between India and Iran intensifies, with meetings planned in Uganda and India.
Rainfall rising in over half of India’s sub-districts, says four-decade study: Page 14
  • Rainfall increasing in over 55% of India’s tehsils, according to a four-decade study at the tehsil level.
  • About 11% of tehsils experienced decreasing rainfall, particularly during the critical southwest monsoon.
  • 68% of tehsils with reduced rainfall saw declines in all monsoon months, and 87% during crucial June-July for kharif crops.
  • Indo-Gangetic plains, northeastern India, and the Indian Himalayan region are affected.
  • Study by Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) analyzes high-resolution meteorological data from 1982 to 2022.
  • District-level analysis shows 30% of India’s districts experiencing more deficient rainfall, 38% facing excessive rainfall.
  • 23 districts, including New Delhi, Bengaluru, Nilgiris, Jaipur, Kutch, and Indore, experienced both deficient and excessive rainfall.
  • Many tehsils in Rajasthan, Gujarat, central Maharashtra, and parts of Tamil Nadu getting wetter.
  • Northeast monsoon rainfall increased by over 10% in Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh tehsils over the past decade.
  • Focus on future-proofing the economy against erratic rainfall patterns is crucial, says Dr. Chitale.
Over half of youth struggling with basic maths: ASER study: Page 14
  • ASER study titled “Beyond Basics” reveals that over half of rural youth (aged 14 to 18) struggle with basic maths.
  • The survey conducted by Pratham covered 28 districts across 26 States, assessing 34,745 students’ foundational reading and arithmetic abilities.
  • Overall, 86.8% of 14- to 18-year-olds are enrolled in an educational institution, with small gender gaps.
  • Notable differences in enrolment are visible by age, with 3.9% not enrolled at 14 and 32.6% at 18.
  • Majority of students in this age group are enrolled in the Arts/Humanities stream.
  • More than half of Class 11 or higher students are enrolled in Arts/Humanities, and girls are less likely to be in STEM streams than boys.
  • About 25% cannot fluently read a Class 2 level text in their regional language.
  • Over half struggle with division (3-digit by 1-digit) problems, with only 43.3% able to solve them correctly.
  • Approximately 57.3% can read sentences in English, and of those, nearly three-quarters understand their meanings.
  • Close to 90% of all youth have a smartphone in the household and know how to use it.
Why did Iran carry out strikes in Iraq, Syria and Pakistan?: Page 15
  • Iran launched retaliatory strikes in Iraq, Syria, and Pakistan.
  • Attacks were in response to security incidents, including attacks on Iranian security personnel.
  • Iran targeted alleged Mossad espionage center in Erbil, Iraq.
  • Missile strikes in Syria aimed at destroying IS-K training camps in Idlib.
  • Surprise attack in Panjgur, Pakistan, targeted Jaish al-Adl’s training camps.
  • Jaish al-Adl claimed responsibility for an attack in Rask, Iran.
  • Iran’s actions suggest a message of military assertiveness and readiness to defend its security.
  • Context includes tensions in the region, Gaza war, and targeted strikes by Israel and the U.S.
  • The article emphasizes Iran’s response to security challenges and its efforts to assure internal security.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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