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The Hindu PDF 17 January 2024 Analysis

The Hindu PDF GKGSCA

The Hindu PDF 17 January 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

In the following article, we have shared the key points from The Hindu Newspaper today pdf for the students preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams. These points from The Hindu newspaper pdf serve as current affairs material for their preparation.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 17 January 2024 for UPSC

These PM-JANMAN beneficiaries make sure no one is left out: Page 6
  • PM-JANMAN package for Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)
  • First batch includes women volunteers aiding administration
  • Prime Minister Modi released funds for pucca houses under PM-JANMAN
  • Mankunwari Bai, 41, from Pahari Korba tribe in Jashpur, Chhattisgarh is a Janman Sangi
  • Janman Sangi educates community members about package benefits
  • Aims to overcome fear of administrative officials among Pahari Korba community
  • Mankunwari registered for Kisan Samman Nidhi Card and Kisan Credit Card under PM-JANMAN
  • PM-JANMAN campaign started on November 15
  • Objective: Provide basic facilities to 22,000 habitations with 36 lakh people from PVTG communities.
Historic hearing: Page 8
  • ICJ preliminary hearing on South Africa’s case against Israel’s military campaign in Gaza
  • South Africa alleges genocidal intent behind Israel’s acts
  • Israel argues its Gaza operations are a legitimate response to a terrorist attack
  • Israel calls South African case a ‘blood libel’
  • Provisional measures sought include suspension of military operations and prevention of genocide
  • Israel attributes civilian casualties to Hamas using civilians as shields
  • Larger concern: Will Israel abide by any provisional measure?
  • Russia ignored ICJ order in March 2022
  • Provisional order may cast a shadow on the legitimacy of Israel’s Gaza war
Vote for continuity: Page 8
  • DPP’s victory in Taiwan’s presidential elections for a historic third consecutive term
  • Reflects a vote for continuity and maintenance of the fragile status quo in relations with China
  • Vice President William Lai Ching-te to take over from incumbent Tsai Ing-wen
  • Defeated Hou Yu-ih (KMT) and Ko Wen-je (TPP)
  • DPP’s return to power may face constraints due to reduced status in the legislature
  • DPP’s exercise of authority may be influenced by KMT’s moderating influence
  • Results seen as a message to the world about the Taiwanese people’s commitment to democracy
  • Beijing claims DPP “cannot represent the mainstream public opinion” based on reduced vote share
  • Local issues like the economy and jobs gain salience in the elections
  • Broad preference for continuing with the status quo in cross-strait relations
  • Rising tensions in the last decade, with China conducting frequent military drills around Taiwan
  • China refuses to rule out the use of force for “reunification,” but economic consequences may give pause
The geopolitics in the Bangladesh election results: Page 8
  • Bangladesh’s national elections on January 7, 2024, marked by violence and controversy
  • Ruling Awami League and allies win 225 out of 300 contested seats
  • Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) boycotted, demanding elections under a neutral caretaker government
  • Bangladesh’s political history around past elections problematic with allegations of manipulation and irregularities
  • Bangladesh’s economic rise and strategic importance draw attention from global powers
  • India congratulates Sheikh Hasina, emphasizing deep strategic interests and close bilateral ties
  • U.S. critical of Bangladesh government for democratic shortcomings, emphasizes democratic values
  • China, Bangladesh’s top trading partner, considers the election an internal issue, congratulates Awami League
  • Russia, invested in Bangladesh’s infrastructure projects, congratulates Sheikh Hasina on her election victory
  • Geopolitical considerations complicate normal business for the U.S. and its allies with Bangladesh
  • Challenges for Bangladesh include surging living costs, energy import prices, diminishing dollar reserves, and a weakening local currency
  • International Monetary Fund highlights economic challenges post-COVID-19 recovery
  • Months ahead expected to be fraught with challenges for Sheikh Hasina’s government, balancing geopolitics and national interests.
India doesn’t need wolf warriors: Page 9
  • Social media campaign to boycott Maldives after Modi’s visit to promote tourism in Lakshadweep
  • Maldivian officials, including deputy ministers, react with distasteful comments on Modi and India
  • Maldives suspends deputy ministers, clarifying that their views were not official or shared by the government
  • Maldivian President Mohamed Muizzu takes a pro-China stand, strengthening ties with China
  • Pro-China rhetoric in Muizzu’s election campaign in 2023, emphasizing anti-India sentiments
  • Maldives and China elevate bilateral ties to a ‘comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership’
  • Muizzu requests India to remove military personnel stationed in the Maldives by March 15
  • India’s relationship with the Maldives faces challenges amid geopolitical dynamics in the region
  • India’s diplomatic approach questioned, with a need for a more globalist perspective
  • Comparison drawn between India’s social media response and China’s wolf-warrior diplomacy.
Understanding the Tenth Schedule: Page 10
  • Maharashtra Assembly Speaker refuses to disqualify 40 MLAs of the Eknath Shinde faction
  • Recognition of Shinde faction as the real Shiv Sena and validity of their appointed whip
  • Technical reasons under the Tenth Schedule prevent disqualification of 14 MLAs of the UBT group
  • Tenth Schedule introduced in 1985 to curb defections and ensure stability in elected governments
  • Original exceptions allowed one-third split and merger with approval, with para 3 omitted in 2003
  • Instances of defection loopholes emerge, posing challenges to the anti-defection law
  • Disqualification authority vested in the Speaker, with past instances raising concerns about neutrality
  • Supreme Court recommends constitutional amendment to establish an independent tribunal
  • Maharashtra case involves Shiv Sena faction claims, recognition by the Speaker, and whip validity
  • Reforms needed include an authoritative Supreme Court judgment and an independent tribunal
  • Inner-party democracy crucial, Election Commission’s role in recognizing factions and ensuring democracy.
What are light-emitting diodes and why are they prized as light sources?: Page 11
  • LEDs (Light-Emitting Diodes) prized as successors to incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lamps
  • Diodes: electronic components allowing current flow in one direction, using p-n junction
  • P-n junction: interface of p-type and n-type materials, enabling current flow in one direction
  • LED: diode emitting light due to electroluminescence, energy released in visible spectrum
  • Band gap: energy gap in materials, electrons need a minimum energy to conduct current
  • Choosing materials creates p-n junction with band gap corresponding to visible light
  • LEDs produce primary colors (red, green, blue) and can be combined for various colors
  • Breakthroughs in epitaxy led to blue LEDs, eventually completing RGB spectrum
  • Advantages: high efficiency (up to 300 lumen per watt), durability, and light contrast
  • Haitz’s law predicts LED improvements: 10x cost reduction, 20x light increase per decade
  • Wide applications: smartphones, TV screens, signboards, greenhouse lighting, barcode scanners, air quality monitors
  • Ongoing research explores new materials like perovskites for more efficient LEDs
India, China tensions continued through 2021, 2022, new details reveal: Page 12
  • Tensions between India and China along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) persisted through 2021 and until the end of 2022.
  • Gallantry awards presented to Indian Army personnel for acts of bravery in the face of Chinese provocations.
  • Major-rank officer awarded Sena Medal (Gallantry) for relaying live feed from the enemy side in the Sikkim area for 120 hours.
  • Details of clashes emerged, including incidents at Shankar Tekri in January 2022 and an attempt by PLA troops to siege the Atari post in November 2022.
  • In June 2020, violent clashes in the Galwan Valley resulted in the first combat fatalities in 45 years, with 20 Indian soldiers killed.
  • Shots were fired at the south bank of Pangong Lake in August-September 2020, marking the first such incident since 1975.
  • In August 2020, intense military actions occurred on both banks of Pangong Tso as India sought tactical advantage over PLA.
  • Current situation on the northern borders described as “stable but sensitive” by Army chief General Manoj Pande.
  • Ongoing talks between India and China to find a solution to balance issues, with high operational preparedness and robust deployment.
ICMR starts revising current National Essential Diagnostics List for first time: Page 14
  • ICMR is revising the National Essential Diagnostics List (NEDL) released in 2019.
  • Stakeholders invited to suggest additions or deletions to the list by end of February.
  • NEDL outlines essential diagnostic tests for various healthcare facilities, including village level, sub-health centres, etc.
  • WHO recommended NEDL development for in-vitro diagnostics at different healthcare tiers in 2018.
  • NEDL release in 2019 aimed to integrate diagnostics into India’s healthcare system.
  • Inclusion in NEDL based on disease burden, alignment with national programs, and adherence to health standards.
  • Essential diagnostic tests prioritize healthcare needs, considering disease prevalence, evidence of efficacy, and cost-effectiveness.
  • Emphasis on conditions with high disease burden and public health relevance.
  • Addition suggestions must align with equipment, infrastructure, and manpower availability as per Indian Public Health Standards, 2022.
India’s KABIL acquires five lithium blocks in Argentina: Page 15
  • KABIL (Khanij Bidesh India Ltd.) acquires five lithium blocks in Argentina.
  • Agreement signed with Argentina’s state-owned CAMYEN for exploration and development.
  • Blocks include Cortadera-I, Cortadera-VII, Cortadera-VIII, Cateo-2022-01810132, and Cortadera-VI.
  • Exploration and exclusivity rights obtained covering an area of 15,703 hectares.
  • Exploitation rights for commercial production granted upon discovery.
  • KABIL to set up a branch office in Catamarca, Argentina.
  • Project cost for development and exploration is ₹200 crore, spread over five years.
  • India’s lithium requirements, valued at ₹24,000 crore, currently met through imports, primarily from China.
  • Lithium is crucial for the ‘green transition’ and is used in energy storage, mobile phone batteries, and electric vehicles.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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