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The Hindu PDF 14 January 2024 Analysis

The Hindu Newspaper Today

The Hindu PDF 14 January 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

In the following article, we have shared the key points from The Hindu Newspaper today pdf for the students preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams. These points from The Hindu newspaper pdf serve as current affairs material for their preparation.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 14 January 2024 for UPSC

Ayodhya mosque to be ‘better than Taj’: Page 1
  • IICF to build a large mosque in Ayodhya, led by Haji Arfat Shaikh.
  • Aim for a mosque “better than Taj Mahal” with the world’s largest Koran (21 feet).
  • New design by architect Imran Shaikh, construction to start after Ramzan in 2024.
  • Five-acre plot allotted in Dhannipur in February 2020 by Supreme Court.
  • Plans for a water-and-light show, giant fish aquarium, and special songs.
  • Mosque named Muhammad Bin Abdullah Masjid, fundraising through a website with QR codes.
  • Emphasis on promoting harmony in Ayodhya, mosque promoted alongside Ram temple project.
Received details from India on social security pact, more work required on subject: USTR: Page 7
  • U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) Katherine Tai discusses the social security pact with India.
  • India submitted relevant data on social security schemes for negotiations.
  • Tai states the U.S. has received information but more work is needed on the subject.
  • Social security totalisation agreement aims to benefit Indian IT professionals working temporarily in the U.S.
  • The agreement would exempt expatriates from contributing to the host country’s social security scheme.
  • Issues raised by the U.S. on India’s import management system for IT hardware; consultations requested.
  • Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal co-chairs the Trade Policy Forum (TPF) meeting with USTR Tai.
  • Joint statement expresses commitment to joint initiatives, including critical minerals and high-tech product trade.
  • Future cooperation road map to begin with fact-finding exploration and establishing a common vocabulary.
  • U.S. looks for greater market access for almonds, walnuts, blueberries; India has concerns about grapes, mangoes, and pomegranates.
  • USTR addresses India’s concerns over visa process delays for Indian businesses.
India’s oldest living city found in Vadnagar: multi-institution study: Page 9
  • Vadnagar, Gujarat, shows evidence of cultural continuity after the collapse of the Harappan civilization.
  • Joint study by IIT Kharagpur, Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Physical Research Laboratory, JNU, and Deccan College.
  • Settlement in Vadnagar dated to 800 BCE, contemporary to late-Vedic/pre-Buddhist Mahajanapadas.
  • Findings suggest climate changes drove the rise and fall of kingdoms and recurrent invasions over 3,000 years.
  • Research funded by the Directorate of Archaeology and Museums (Government of Gujarat) for India’s first digital museum.
  • Sudha Murthy’s generous funding supported research at Vadnagar and the Indus Valley Civilisation for five years.
  • Vadnagar identified as a multicultural and multireligious settlement with seven cultural stages.
  • Excavation reveals artifacts from Mauryan to Gaekwad-British colonial rule, including a Buddhist monastery.
  • Oldest living city within a single fortification in India, with evidence suggesting cultural continuity for 5500 years.
  • Radiocarbon dates indicate settlement could be as old as 1400 BCE, challenging the concept of a Dark Age.
Versatile classical singer Prabha Atre passes away at 92: Page 9
  • Prabha Atre, legendary classical singer, and Padma Vibhushan recipient, passed away at 92.
  • Considered the doyen of the Kirana gharana.
  • Passed away in Pune due to a cardiac arrest in her sleep.
  • Rushed to Dinanath Mangeshkar Hospital in Mumbai but declared dead at 5:30 a.m.
  • Was scheduled to participate in a program in Mumbai on the day of her passing.
  • Played a significant role in popularizing classical music globally.
  • Received Padma Shri in 1990, Padma Bhushan in 2002, and Padma Vibhushan in 2022.
  • Rich career spanned seven decades.
What are the complaints about Digi Yatra?: Page 12
  • Security personnel and private staff collected facial biometrics at airport entry gates without passenger consent for Digi Yatra app.
  • Complaints about “coercive and deceptive” enrollment methods by CISF personnel and private staff.
  • Enrolment surge in December during high footfall; part of the “day of travel” enrolment drive.
  • Digi Yatra initiative aims for paper-less, seamless passenger movement at airports through digital processing.
  • Digi Yatra app owned by Digi Yatra Foundation (not government); shareholders include Airports Authority of India and five private airports.
  • Passengers need to provide personal details, Aadhaar, and a selfie for registration.
  • At airports, passengers scan boarding pass, face verification at e-gate, and data used as a single token for remaining checkpoints.
  • Objective is to improve operational efficiency, faster processing, track delayed passengers, and enhance security.
  • Concerns about data storage and privacy issues; government claims data is encrypted, stored on mobile, and purged within 24 hours.
  • Digital Personal Data Protection Act, 2023 not yet implemented; Digi Yatra policy grants exemptions for government agencies and data purge settings.
Why is aviation safety under scrutiny?: Page 12
  • Aviation safety under scrutiny due to two recent incidents: Japan Airlines (JAL) Airbus A350-900 collision and Alaska Airlines Boeing 737 MAX 9 depressurization.
  • JAL incident: A350-900 collided with Japan Coast Guard Dash 8, both caught fire; all 367 passengers and 12 crew on A350 escaped, but five fatalities on Dash 8.
  • Alaska Airlines incident: Boeing 737 MAX 9 experienced depressurization; no major injuries reported.
  • Boeing 737 MAX’s troubled flight safety record draws renewed attention; FAA announces more oversight and NTSB investigates cabin pressure control system.
  • FAA grounds every Boeing 737 MAX 9 with a plug door for thorough review.
  • Advances in aircraft manufacturing technology, including the use of composite materials (A350, Boeing 787, and 777), contribute to durability, strength, and low weight.
  • JAL incident highlights crew training, response time of fire and rescue teams, and advances in technology; passengers evacuated successfully.
  • Emergency training for flight deck crew includes written tests and regular exercises.
  • Increasing use of composite materials provides durability and fire resistance.
  • Safety improvements include improved flammability of seat cushions, emergency escape path marking, smoke detectors, fire extinguishers, improved interior materials, 16G seats, and enhanced access to exits.
  • Aircraft certification requirements and evacuation tests apply to all aircraft, regardless of fuselage material.
  • No aircraft can be made 100% fireproof; factors like design and response contribute to better passenger survival.
Why has South Africa dragged Israel to the ICJ?: Page 12
  • South Africa took Israel to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) over alleged genocide during Israel’s military campaign in Gaza.
  • ICJ is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations; only states can be parties.
  • Both South Africa and Israel are signatories to the Genocide Convention of 1948.
  • South Africa seeks provisional measures to stop alleged genocide; Israel denies genocidal intent.
  • ICJ jurisdiction based on Genocide Convention; provisional measures aim to prevent irreparable harm.
  • Proceedings may take years; South Africa’s filing requests immediate suspension of Israel’s military operations in Gaza.
  • Genocide Convention defines genocide acts; South Africa accuses Israel of causing hunger, dehydration, and starvation in Gaza.
  • South Africa argues genocidal intent inferred from Israeli officials’ statements and deeds.
  • Israel counters, claims legitimate response for self-defense; rejects genocidal intent.
  • Ruling on provisional measures expected within weeks; ICJ lacks means to enforce orders.
  • UN Security Council can take measures, but subject to veto power; Israel may rely on the U.S. veto in case of adverse ruling.
Justice without power: Page 13
  • ICJ (International Court of Justice) recently held hearings in a case filed by South Africa accusing Israel of genocide in Gaza.
  • The ICJ was established in 1945 by the UN Charter and has advisory and contentious jurisdiction.
  • It consists of 15 judges with ad-hoc judges appointed in specialized cases.
  • Judges are expected to be impartial, but political considerations sometimes influence their decisions.
  • ICJ decisions are legally binding, but there’s no enforcement mechanism of its own.
  • The UNSC (United Nations Security Council) can enforce decisions, but powerful nations’ political interests may affect compliance.
  • Challenges include non-participation of powerful states, slow bureaucratic procedures, and delayed rulings.
  • The court has addressed diverse issues, including human rights and environmental violations.
  • Major rulings on reparations have been adhered to by concerned parties.
  • The ICJ’s advisory role has played a role in peaceful conflict resolutions.
  • Despite its niche position, concerns about potential fragmentation of international law exist.
  • The ongoing case related to Israel-Palestine conflict adds to the court’s relevance.
‘South India leads in pension enrolment’: Page 14
  • South India leads in National Pension System (NPS) private sector enrolments.
  • In the current fiscal year, 31% of private sector enrolments in the country are from the Southern region.
  • Southern region’s share in NPS Corporate enrolment is 39%, and for NPS All Citizen, it is 29% in FY24.
  • 36% of women participation in NPS Corporate subscribers comes from the Southern region, the highest in the country.
  • As of January 10, 2024, the Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority (PFRDA) has assets under management (AUM) worth ₹11 lakh crore.
  • The expected AUM for the full financial year was ₹12 lakh crore.
  • India’s pension assets-to-GDP ratio is 16.5%, compared to over 100% in the U.K., the U.S., and Australia.
  • Lack of financial literacy and awareness about pension schemes is a key challenge.
  • Financial literacy among women is lower than among men in India.
  • Western countries have a three-tier retirement/pension scheme, whereas in India, the majority lack a pension plan as it is not mandatory.
  • Women have only 20-21% exposure to NPS on a national level, despite having longer longevity.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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