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The Hindu PDF 14 February 2024 Analysis

The Hindu PDF GKGSCA

The Hindu PDF 14 February 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

In the following article, we have shared the key points from The Hindu Newspaper today pdf for the students preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams. These points from The Hindu newspaper pdf serve as current affairs material for their preparation.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 14 February 2024 for UPSC

Centre rules out MSP law, offers talks with farmers: Page 1
  • Centre rules out MSP law, offers talks with farmers
  • Farmers, police clash at Haryana-Punjab boundary; Delhi under tight security net
  • Samyukt Kisan Morcha (SKM) urges PM to intervene, stop using force against farmers
  • Splinter group SKM-NP asked to join strike on February 16
  • Union Agriculture Minister Arjun Munda warns of “disruptive elements” in movement
  • Opposition promises guaranteed MSP if it comes to power
  • More than 60 farmers injured in clashes with police
  • Boundaries of Delhi heavily barricaded in anticipation of farmers’ march
  • Heavy police deployment on Delhi’s borders with Uttar Pradesh
  • Farmers clash with Haryana Police, tear gas and water cannons used
  • Agitated farmers vandalize flyover safety barriers
  • 24 police personnel injured, few protesters detained and later released
  • KMM coordinator criticizes Centre’s attack on farmers
  • SKM urges PM Modi to intervene, condemns repression on farmers
  • SKM appeals to SKM-NP to unite in common struggle
Clause in draft India-EFTA pact may hit drug industry: Page 1
  • Clause in draft India-EFTA pact may delay access to generic drugs in India by at least six years
  • Clause requires applicants seeking consent to sell drugs to not rely on undisclosed test data for six years
  • Applies to both new chemical drugs and biologics drugs
  • India’s generic drug industry has resisted extending monopoly rights over patented drugs
  • Indian pharma industry is the third largest globally, produces over 60,000 generic drugs
  • Drugs like bedaquiline (for TB) may not be available under data exclusivity provisions
  • Recent EFTA negotiations suggest officials moving closer to a deal
  • Intellectual property concerns, including patent rights, are a major sticking point
  • Patented drugs give exclusive marketing rights for 20 years, leading to unaffordable medicines
  • Indian law allows generic versions after three years through compulsory licensing
Homeward bound: Page 8
  • Eight former Indian naval personnel released from Qatar
  • Arrested in 2022, initially sentenced to death
  • Charges possibly related to espionage, denied by families
  • Death penalty commuted to imprisonment in December
  • Strategies: pursue case in court, avoid escalatory rhetoric
  • PM Modi discussed case with Qatari Amir
  • Personal involvement shown by PM Modi
  • Importance of quiet diplomacy emphasized
  • Qatar an important ally for India
  • Historic and dependable ties between India and Qatar
  • Qatar supplies one-third of India’s natural gas import needs
  • Deal for prisoners’ release possibly linked to LNG deal
  • More than 800,000 Indians work in Qatar, crucial for remittances
  • No international intervention sought, unlike in Kulbhushan Jadhav case
  • Diplomatic measures remained moderate, unlike in Nijjar assassination case
Salutary reminder: Page 8
  • Retail inflation data for January shows headline number easing to 5.10%
  • Inflation for key food items remains high: cereals (7.83%), vegetables (27%), pulses (19.5%)
  • 12 out of 19 vegetables saw acceleration in price gains from December
  • Cereals, particularly rice, remain high despite slight decrease in month-on-month inflation
  • Rice prices accelerating both sequentially and year-on-year
  • Recent estimate for rabi sowing of rice reveals a 2.7% drop from last year
  • Reservoir storage levels at 49% of capacity, lagging behind previous years
  • Output of rabi sown crops, including cereals and pulses, at risk of being impacted
  • Food price gains pose wider risk to overall price stability
  • RBI survey shows median inflation expectation for three months ahead at 9.2%
  • Majority of respondents expect inflation to accelerate in near term
  • Talks between government and farmers’ groups breaking down, posing challenge to ensure inflation stability
Old-fashioned trust and credibility bind India-UAE ties: Page 8
  • India-UAE ties based on trust and credibility
  • PM Modi and Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed share personal relationship
  • PM Modi’s ongoing visit to UAE highlights dynamic bilateral relationship
  • PM Modi’s visit timed with inauguration of grand Hindu temple in Abu Dhabi
  • Bharat Mart initiative to boost exports of Indian MSMEs
  • India-UAE CEPA saw trade grow by 16% to $85 billion
  • CEPA and Bharat Mart to boost export of Indian manufactured goods
  • Several achievements including IIT Delhi master’s programme, rising investments, LNG deal signed
  • Discussions on defence cooperation making progress
  • Talks also covered regional issues like war in Gaza and attacks by Houthis
  • Coordination with UAE important for protecting India’s economic interests
Why India needs deep industrialisation: Page 9
  • India’s growth sustained post-pandemic, but facing “premature deindustrialisation”
  • Manufacturing share in output and employment stagnant, below 20%
  • Industrial investment stagnating, high unemployment levels
  • Trade deficit widening, reliant on imported goods
  • Rajan and Lamba propose high-skill services-driven growth over manufacturing-led growth
  • Services-led growth has poor employment elasticity and high inequality
  • Early investments in higher education led to neglect of mass school education
  • Majority of students from rural areas and small towns face poor returns on education investments
  • Differential quality of schooling perpetuates class and caste divides
  • Lack of mass education hinders cultural prerequisites for industrialisation
  • India needs deep industrialisation for societal transformation, not just reliance on service sector
On the rights of forest-dwellers: Page 10
  • Notification of Thanthai Periyar Sanctuary in Erode district triggered concern among forest-dwellers
  • Fear of denial of rights under Forest Rights Act (FRA)
  • Thanthai Periyar Sanctuary constituted from North and South Bargur, Thamarai Karai, Ennamangalam, and Nagalur reserved forests
  • Six tribal forest villages excluded from sanctuary, confined to 3.42 sq. km area
  • Forest villages ordered to be converted to revenue villages, but rights still denied
  • Tamil Nadu lags in FRA implementation
  • Grazing rights affected in Thanthai Periyar Sanctuary despite FRA provisions
  • Wildlife Protection Act (WLPA) and FRA compared, latter overrides former
  • FRA enacted to rectify historical injustice to tribal forest dwellers
  • FRA violations constitute crimes under SC/ST Act
  • Tamil Nadu’s poor FRA implementation: only 0.25% forest area covered with individual titles
  • Similar pattern of poor FRA implementation across the country
India-UAE relations serve as a model for the world: Modi: Page 14
  • PM Narendra Modi hails India-UAE partnership as a model for the world during his seventh visit to the Gulf country
  • Describes ties as reaching newer heights in all areas, emphasizing talent, innovation, and culture
  • Addresses Indian community at ‘Ahlan Modi’ event, expresses pride in their achievements
  • Speaks a few lines in Arabic, highlighting the shared vision for a better future
  • Overwhelmed by the affection of the thousands-strong audience, considers them family
  • Exudes confidence in India becoming the third-largest economy in his third term
  • Recalls first visit to UAE in 2015, appreciates warm reception and sense of kinship
  • Grateful for receiving the prestigious Order of Zayed, highest civilian award of UAE, credits it to all Indians and Indian residents in UAE
  • On a two-day visit to UAE, to inaugurate largest Hindu temple on Wednesday
Govt. revises guidelines for community radio stations: Page 14
  • Minister of Information and Broadcasting Anurag Singh Thakur releases revised policy guidelines for community radio stations
  • Guidelines allow a single institution to set up a maximum of six stations in different districts of operation
  • Advertising time for stations increased from seven minutes to 12 minutes per hour
  • Rate of advertisement increased from ₹52 per 10 seconds to ₹74 per 10 seconds
  • Aim is to enhance financial sustainability and growth of community radio sector
  • First community radio launched in 2004 by former Deputy Prime Minister L.K. Advani
  • Number of stations substantially increased since 2014 under Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government
  • Currently, 481 community radio stations in India, expected to increase over the next three years
  • Each station reflects local models and experiential learnings collected and shared over the years
  • Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting L. Murugan emphasizes the importance of community radio in reaching out to the community
  • Encourages stations to publicize government welfare schemes
Food prices may keep inflation high: Page 15
  • Most economists don’t anticipate significant decrease in consumer price rise in near future
  • Consumer Food Price Inflation at 8.3% in January, slightly lower than December’s 9.5%
  • Still notably higher than October’s 6.6%
  • HSBC economists suggest February’s inflation may not drop from January’s 5.1% levels, citing high vegetable prices
  • Cereals inflation remains elevated at 7.8%, although it cooled from 15 months of double-digit rise
  • India Ratings and Research economists highlight concerns of higher food inflation impacting core inflation via wage-price spiral
  • Project retail inflation to stay around 4.9% in February and March
  • RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das warns of recurring food price shocks disrupting disinflation process and de-anchoring inflation expectations
  • SBI group chief economic advisor predicts retail inflation to remain slightly above 5% in remaining months of 2023-24
  • RBI projects average inflation of 5% for the quarter

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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