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The Hindu PDF 13 January 2024 Analysis

The Hindu PDF GKGSCA

The Hindu PDF 13 January 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

In the following article, we have shared the key points from The Hindu Newspaper today pdf for the students preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams. These points from The Hindu newspaper pdf serve as current affairs material for their preparation.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 13 January 2024 for UPSC

Retail inflation rose to 5.7% in December: Page 1
  • Retail inflation in India rose to 5.7% in December 2023.
  • Food prices increased nationally by 9.5% and surpassed 10% for urban consumers, reaching 10.42%.
  • Rural consumers faced slightly lower food price rise (just under 9%) but overall inflation was nearly 6%.
  • Average consumer price inflation for October-to-December quarter was 5.4%.
  • RBI expects average price rise of 5.2% for first half of 2024 before easing to 4% target between July and September.
  • Inflation increased in pulses (20.73%), vegetables (27.6%), fruits (11.14%), and sugar (7.14%) in December.
  • Cereals and spices recorded steep inflation of 9.9% and 19.7%, respectively.
  • Urban areas saw faster consumer food price rise at 10.4%, while rural areas witnessed greater inflation in cereals, milk, spices, and sugar.
  • Inflation eased in milk (5.1%), meat and fish (1.15%), and eggs (4.4%).
  • Deflation in edible oil prices remained virtually unchanged at 15%.
  • Month-on-month, Consumer Price Index (CPI) declined 0.32% from November 2023 levels, with Consumer Food Price Index easing by 0.9%.
  • Fuel and light prices fell 1% year-on-year, transport and communication prices rose 2%, and personal care and effects inflation eased from 7.8% to 7.3% in December.
  • Seven states recorded inflation of over 6%, with Odisha leading at 8.7%.
SC refuses to stay law on CEC, EC selection; issues notice to govt.: Page 1
  • Supreme Court refuses to stay a new law related to the appointment of Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) and Election Commissioners (ECs).
  • The law replaced the Chief Justice of India with a Union Cabinet Minister in the selection committee, diluting a previous Supreme Court judgment.
  • Petitioner Jaya Thakur, a Congress party leader, argues that excluding the CJI from the committee compromises free and fair elections, making the Prime Minister and his nominee the decisive factors.
  • The petition emphasizes the need for an independent mechanism in appointing heads and members of institutions supporting constitutional democracy.
  • Another petitioner, Gopal Singh, seeks the court to implement an independent system of selection for the CEC and ECs, opposing the Gazette notification of December 28, 2023.
  • The previous judgment had directed appointments based on a committee consisting of the Prime Minister, Leader of the Opposition, and Chief Justice of India, while the new law recommends appointments by the President on the suggestion of a committee including the Prime Minister, Leader of the Opposition, and a nominated Union Cabinet Minister.
Karnataka govt. launches ‘Yuva Nidhi’ scheme: Page 8
  • Karnataka Chief Minister Siddaramaiah launches ‘Yuva Nidhi’ scheme.
  • This is the fifth and final poll guarantee of the Congress government in Karnataka.
  • The scheme aims to provide financial assistance to educated unemployed youth in the state.
  • Siddaramaiah mentions the concept of universal basic income, similar to European countries, as the basis for the five guarantee schemes.
  • Approximately 1.5 crore families receive ₹5,000 to ₹6,000 monthly under the five schemes.
  • ‘Yuva Nidhi’ addresses the growing unemployment rate, which has increased from 5.5% in 2014 to 10.5%.
  • The scheme offers financial aid and training to graduates and diploma holders for a maximum of two years.
  • ₹3,000 per month is promised to degree holders, and ₹1,500 per month to diploma holders who have not secured a job in the past six months and are not pursuing higher studies.
  • The initiative includes training programs to develop skills and job fairs for employment opportunities in India and abroad.
Census records 27% increase in waterbirds at Kaziranga: Page 9
  • Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve records a 27% increase in waterbirds.
  • The fifth waterbird census, conducted from January 9-10, reveals 84,839 birds, marking an increase of 18,063 compared to 2021-22.
  • The census, conducted through the citizen scientist initiative, places Kaziranga among the top five habitats of waterbirds in India.
  • The survey covered 115 waterbodies in three divisions of the reserve: Eastern Assam Wildlife, Nagaon Wildlife, and Biswanath Wildlife.
  • Forest officials engaged 108 enumerators and 354 volunteers, as well as Forest officials and staff, in the survey.
  • Eastern Assam Wildlife Division recorded 37,606 birds across 155 species, while Biswanath Wildlife Division spotted 12,002 birds across 82 species.
  • The census focused on major wetlands within and around the reserve, showcasing the Kaziranga-Hukuma Beel in Biswanath and Joysagar Doloni in Kaliabor, which recorded 3,049 and 1,765 birds, respectively, highlighting their conservation and protection.
Numbers game: Page 10
  • Swachh Survekshan Awards announced for the eighth year.
  • Indore, Madhya Pradesh, declared India’s cleanest city for the seventh consecutive year, sharing honors with Surat, Gujarat.
  • Top cities like Bhopal, Surat, Indore, and Visakhapatnam consistently perform well, indicating stagnation.
  • Survey creates multiple sub-categories, potentially diluting meaningful distinctions.
  • Criticisms include parochialism and excessive focus on top-performing cities.
  • The underlying principle is to motivate improvement, but public sanitation is influenced by history, economics, and power dynamics.
  • Perpetual toppers may hinder attention to factors hindering general sanitation improvement.
  • Suggestion to retire consistent top-performing cities for a few years to highlight challenges faced by others.
  • Calls for government intervention to prevent public sanitation from being reduced to a mere numbers game.
India’s longest sea bridge inaugurated: Page 13
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurates Atal Setu, India’s longest sea bridge, also known as the Mumbai Trans Harbour Link.
  • The six-lane Atal Bihari Vajpayee Sewri-Nhava Sheva Atal Setu spans 21.8 km, with 16.5 km over the Arabian Sea.
  • The bridge, built with Japanese assistance, reduces travel time between Mumbai and Navi Mumbai from two hours to 20 minutes.
  • Atal Setu opens for public commute from the following day of inauguration.
  • PM Modi lays the foundation stone for projects worth over ₹12,700 crore in Navi Mumbai, focusing on road and rail connectivity, drinking water, gems and jewellery, and women empowerment.
  • PM Modi highlights India’s infrastructural prowess and progress towards a ‘Viksit Bharat’ through the bridge.
  • Takes a dig at Shiv Sena (UBT) chief Uddhav Thackeray, mentioning that most projects were initiated during the previous government.
  • Emphasizes the shift from discussing multimillion crore scams to completing projects worth thousands of crores under his government.
  • Highlights completion of projects like Bhupen Hazarika Setu, Bogibeel Bridge, Atal Tunnel, Chenab Bridge, expressways, modern railway stations, and airports.
  • Mentions the completion of the Nilwande Dam project and fast-tracking the Uran-Kharkopar railway line and Navi Mumbai Metro Project.
  • Stresses the vision to improve the ease of mobility by strengthening urban transport infrastructure and connectivity.
India, Saudi Arabia discuss defence ties, joint training: Page 13
  • India and Saudi Arabia discuss defence ties and joint training.
  • Admiral Fahad Abdullah S Al-Ghofaily, Chief of Staff, Royal Saudi Naval Forces, holds talks with Indian military officials.
  • Discussions include navy-to-navy cooperation, joint ventures in defence production, and technology collaboration.
  • Meetings with Navy chief Admiral R. Hari Kumar and Chief of Defence Staff General Anil Chauhan.
  • Aim of the visit is to enhance naval cooperation and address shared maritime challenges in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).
  • Ceremonial Guard of Honour received during the visit.
Science Ministry team visits Hawaii to take stock of telescope project: Page 14
  • Department of Science and Technology delegation visits Mauna Kea in Hawaii to discuss challenges to the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) project.
  • TMT is a global scientific project proposed as a joint collaboration involving the U.S., Japan, China, Canada, and India.
  • Indian participation approved in 2014; India expected to contribute $200 million in hardware.
  • Mauna Kea site selected for TMT has faced local opposition based on religious and cultural concerns.
  • Permits for TMT construction were invalidated in 2015 but restored in 2018; construction delayed due to continued opposition.
  • Alternate site considered at Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos on La Palma in Spain’s Canary Islands.
  • Discussions ongoing to find consensus and local support for the project.
  • The decision on the site expected to be firm in the next two years.
Nov. factory output growth drops to 8-month low of 2.4%: Page 15
  • India’s industrial output growth drops to an eight-month low of 2.4% in November.
  • Manufacturing output expands at the slowest pace in seven months, reaching 1.2%.
  • Consumer durables production contracts by 5.4%, hitting the lowest levels since June 2021.
  • Electricity generation falls to the lowest since February 2023, despite a 5.8% YoY increase.
  • Only six out of 23 manufacturing segments record growth in November.
  • Coke and refined petroleum products show a 14.2% rise, while other transport equipment sees a 9.8% increase.
  • Furniture output drops by 30.5%, computers and electronics by 25%, and apparel production contracts by 20.5%.
  • Base effects from November 2022 contribute to the moderation in the growth rate.
  • Sequential contractions in electricity and manufacturing add further pressure on the industrial output.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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