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The Hindu PDF 12 January 2024 Analysis

The Hindu PDF GKGSCA

The Hindu PDF 12 January 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. This The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

In the following article, we have shared the key points from The Hindu Newspaper today pdf for the students preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams. These points from The Hindu newspaper pdf serve as current affairs material for their preparation.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 12 January 2024 for UPSC

Direct tax kitty crosses 80% of 2023-24 target: Page 1
  • Net direct tax collections in India reached ₹14.7 lakh crore by January 10.
  • This represents a 19.4% growth compared to the same period in 2022-23.
  • Provisional collections are over 80% of the target for the fiscal year 2023-24.
  • Gross collections amounted to ₹17.18 lakh crore, with a significant rise in Personal Income Tax (PIT) of 26.11%.
  • Corporate Income Tax (CIT) collections grew at a more modest rate of 8.32%.
  • Net growth in CIT collections, after refunds, is 12.37%, while PIT collections grew by 27.26%.
  • Net direct tax collection is 19.41% higher than the corresponding period of the previous year.
  • This collection accounts for 80.61% of the total budget estimates for direct taxes in FY 2023-24.
  • Refunds totaling ₹2.48 lakh crore were issued to taxpayers by January 10.
  • ICRA predicts that full-year direct tax collections may surpass budget estimates by ₹1 lakh crore.
  • The agency expects a 12% growth in direct tax revenues in 2024-25, supported by favorable commodity prices and government efforts to improve compliance.
S. Africa accuses Israel of genocide in Palestine, asks UN court to step in: Page 1
  • South Africa accuses Israel of committing genocide against Palestinians.
  • South Africa urges the UN’s top court to order an immediate halt to Israel’s military operation in Gaza.
  • South African lawyers argue that the Gaza war is part of a long-standing oppression of Palestinians by Israel.
  • They request binding preliminary orders, including an immediate cessation of Israel’s military campaign.
  • Israel vehemently denies the allegations, sending a strong legal team to defend its military operation.
  • Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu pledges to continue fighting Hamas, emphasizing the accusation’s hypocrisy.
Once a 42-km drive, Atal Setu to reduce Mumbai-Navi Mumbai commute to 20 minutes: Page 4
  • Mumbai Trans Harbour Link (MTHL), known as Atal Bihari Vajpayee Sewri-Nhava Sheva Atal Setu, to reduce Mumbai-Navi Mumbai commute from 2 hours to 20 minutes.
  • Inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi after nearly six years of construction.
  • Costing almost ₹20,000 crore, the project spans 22 km, cutting down the 42 km drive between the two cities.
  • Six-lane project, including a 16.5-km sea bridge and a 5.5-km elevated road on land.
  • Designed to handle 70,000 vehicles daily at an average speed of 100 km per hour.
  • Incorporates corrosion-resistant materials to withstand earthquakes, cyclones, high winds, and tides.
  • Equipped with Intelligent Traffic Management, Video Incident Detection, Speed Enforcement systems, and emergency call boxes.
  • Comprehensive surveillance system for monitoring the entire stretch.
  • Open Road Tolling to facilitate toll collection without interrupting vehicle passage.
  • Expected to boost economic growth, provide heightened accessibility to remote areas, and generate job opportunities.
  • Emphasizes sustainable development by reducing travel time and fuel consumption.
  • Concerns raised by local fishing communities about the ecological impact, with claims of projects affecting fishing zones without proper consultation.
  • President of Maharashtra Small-Scale Traditional Fish Workers’ Union highlights negative impact on biodiversity and traditional fishers’ livelihoods.
Show of fairness: Page 12
  • Defence Ministry finalizes rotational plan for Republic Day parade tableaux.
  • Three-year cycle to ensure all States and Union Territories get a chance to showcase their tableaux.
  • Aims to prevent controversies over tableau selection, a frequent issue in the past.
  • In the current year, 16 States/UTs were selected, leading to protests from Delhi, Punjab, Karnataka, and West Bengal.
  • Allegations of political motives behind selection and exclusion have been raised previously.
  • New plan agreed to by 28 States to provide equitable participation opportunities.
  • Defence Ministry already has an elaborate screening mechanism involving a committee of distinguished individuals.
  • Committee reviews proposals from States and organizations to maintain transparency and standards.
  • Empanelled 30 agencies for design and fabrication of tableaux through an open selection process.
  • States/UTs advised to engage these agencies following appropriate procedures.
  • Allegations of discrimination in proposal selection should be addressed to maintain apolitical and transparent processes.
  • Rotational opportunity for each State/UT aims to create a fairer and more transparent mechanism.
  • Officials assert that the Government, Minister, or Secretary do not play a role in the selection process, ensuring transparency.
  • Emphasis on keeping festivities free from bickering and controversies.
A Bangladesh ‘one-party state’ and India’s options: Page 12
  • India, China, and Russia congratulate Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on her return to power.
  • India, being a functional democracy, faces criticism for supporting autocracies abroad while promoting democracy at home.
  • Ms. Hasina’s return assures continuity in the India-Bangladesh bilateral relationship, addressing India’s security and connectivity concerns.
  • Concerns arise as Bangladesh elections face allegations of irregularities, including false voting and non-participatory elections.
  • Anti-Indian sentiments in Bangladesh are on the rise due to India’s support for an allegedly autocratic regime.
  • The Bangladesh Parliament appears dominated by the ruling Awami League, with minimal representation from independents.
  • Analysts view the election as a move toward a one-party police state, raising questions about the legitimacy of the electoral process.
  • Ms. Hasina’s adviser, Salman F. Rahman, justifies the lack of opposition by comparing it to the Indian situation.
  • Rahman is linked to controversies, including stock market scams, money laundering, and electoral frauds, raising concerns about crony capitalism.
  • Rahman is spearheading the Awami League’s new Islamist agenda, aligning with groups like Hefazat-e-Islam and promoting mosque cum Islamic cultural centers.
  • India’s influence in Bangladesh is crucial, and losing it would have diplomatic costs, especially amid strategic concerns with China.
  • India should diversify its engagement beyond the Awami League and explore genuinely secular platforms to avoid over-reliance on a single political entity.
  • The article suggests examining gender, minority, labor, and youth spaces for potential political engagement, highlighting the need for a broader approach.
  • Past instances, like the 2001 engagement with the BNP-Jamaat coalition, emphasize the importance of a nuanced foreign policy to prevent unintended consequences.
Are antibiotics over-prescribed in India?: Page 13
  • The National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) study reveals concerns about antibiotic overuse in India.
  • Over half of the surveyed hospital patients (55%) were prescribed antibiotics for preventive measures rather than treating infections.
  • Only 45% received antibiotics for actual infections, and among them, only 6% were prescribed after identifying the specific bacteria.
  • India faces a significant burden of drug-resistant pathogens globally.
  • Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurs due to inappropriate antibiotic use, inadequate laboratory facilities, lack of training, poor monitoring, and pharmaceutical industry incentives.
  • The NCDC report highlights the need for standardization in prescribing antibiotics to ensure uniformity.
  • The over-prescription of antibiotics is influenced by factors such as overcrowded hospitals, limited access to rapid diagnostics, and a lack of laboratories.
  • AMR is a complex socio-economic and political challenge, not solely a scientific issue.
  • The immediate threat of AMR is evident, causing poor health outcomes and increased mortality.
  • The trickle-down effects from poultry and agriculture contribute to AMR, emphasizing the importance of linking labs to clinical setups for faster data transmission.
  • Beyond antibiotic consumption, addressing sanitation, governance, poverty, and access to clean water is crucial in controlling AMR.
  • The Central government has implemented measures, including the 2019 ban on colistin use in poultry farming, but better enforcement and coordination are needed.
  • Restricting access to reserve antibiotics and improving public health systems are essential to curb AMR.
Strained ties in India-Maldives relations: Page 14
  • A social media spat between India and the Maldives, triggered by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s tourism push for Lakshadweep, leads to diplomatic tensions.
  • Disparaging remarks on social media result in the suspension of three Maldivian Ministers.
  • India expresses concerns through diplomatic channels, impacting travel bookings, and ‘boycott Maldives’ trends on social media.
  • Strained India-Maldives relations worsen since President Mohamed Muizzu’s election, marked by an ‘India Out’ campaign.
  • During Ibrahim Mohamed Solih’s administration, ties with India improved with an ‘India first’ foreign policy, focusing on defense, security, and economics.
  • Growing proximity between India and the Maldives triggers an ‘India out’ campaign, alleging compromise of sovereignty and allowing Indian military presence.
  • The campaign intensifies after the Uthuru Thila Falhu (UTF) deal with India in 2021 for developing the National Defence Force Coast Guard Harbour.
  • Mohamed Muizzu, backed by an ‘India out’ campaign, wins the 2023 presidential race, promising to remove Indian troops and balance trade relations.
  • President Muizzu insists on the withdrawal of Indian soldiers, signaling a shift from the ‘India first’ policy to an ‘India out’ policy.
  • The decision to revoke a 2019 survey pact with India causes political and strategic concerns, seen as aiding China’s marine surveys in the region.
  • The Muizzu administration’s refusal to renew the survey pact is linked to its special relationship with Beijing, according to analysts.
Is tableau selection turning into a political battleground?: Page 14
  • The ongoing dispute between the Central government and non-BJP States over Republic Day parade tableaux is turning into a political battleground.
  • Accusations of bias and discrimination arise as tableau proposals from Punjab, Delhi, and West Bengal (all non-BJP ruled States) fail to make the final cut.
  • The Ministry of Defence oversees the selection process, inviting submissions based on a specified theme, with expert evaluation considering factors like visual appeal and theme alignment.
  • Opposition-ruled States express discontent over the rejection of their proposals, accusing the Modi government of demeaning sacrifices and promoting personal agendas.
  • Similar controversies occurred in previous years, with proposals from Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and West Bengal excluded in 2022, and Karnataka facing rejection in 2021.
  • Accusations of bias and attacks on federalism have been part of the tableau selection process in previous regimes, with rejected proposals later showcased at state celebrations.
  • The Ministry of Defence emphasizes theme misalignment as the reason for excluding certain tableaux, providing clarifications on past shortlistings to address the controversy.
Surat, Indore cleanest cities; Maharashtra tops State list: Page 18
  • Surat and Indore declared cleanest cities in Swachh Survekshan 2023.
  • Indore wins for the seventh consecutive time.
  • Maharashtra tops State rankings, followed by Madhya Pradesh.
  • President Droupadi Murmu presents awards; emphasizes eliminating manholes.
  • Theme for 2023: “Waste to wealth,” and for 2024: “Reduce, reuse, and recycle.”
  • Swachh Survekshan covers 4,477 cities, with over 3,000 assessors and 12 crore citizen responses.
Maldives, China commit to greater strategic cooperation, sign 20 Moi-Js: Page 19
  • China and the Maldives commit to greater strategic cooperation.
  • Both countries elevate relations to a comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership.
  • Agreement to build a “China-Maldives Comprehensive Strategic Cooperative Partnership from 2024 to 2028.”
  • Maldives participates in the Global Security Initiative (GSI), following Sri Lanka’s affirmation in October 2023.
  • Joint press communiqué emphasizes opposition to external interference in the Maldives’ internal affairs.
  • Maldivian President Mohamed Muizzu’s visit to China coincides with tensions in India-Maldives relations.
  • Maldives skips India-led Colombo Security Conclave’s NSA-level meet in December.
  • 20 MoUs signed, covering areas like the blue economy, digital economy, disaster and risk mitigation, and news cooperation.
Hasina sworn in as Bangladesh Prime Minister for fifth term: Page 19
  • Sheikh Hasina sworn in as Bangladesh Prime Minister for the fifth term.
  • Ruling Awami League party wins nearly three-quarters of elected seats in parliament.
  • Opposition boycotted the election; U.S. and the UN criticize the vote.
  • Nearly 15 ministers from the previous Cabinet dropped, but most senior ministers retained their positions.
  • A.K. Abdul Momen dropped as Foreign Minister; Finance Minister A.H.M. Mustafa Kamal moved to another position.
Ministry notifies revised rules to ensure quality of medicines: SCIENCE PAGE II
  • The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare notifies revised rules under Schedule M of the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945.
  • Aims to ensure the pharma sector produces safe, effective, and high-quality drugs in compliance with international standards.
  • Response to global scrutiny after WHO alert about contaminated cough syrups from India.
  • Revision includes five new categories of drugs, introduces a pharmaceutical quality system, quality risk management, and product quality review.
  • Emphasizes the responsibility of manufacturers for the quality of pharmaceutical products and compliance with license requirements.
  • Companies must market finished products only after satisfactory test results and retain samples for verification.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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