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The Hindu PDF 11 January 2024 Analysis

The Hindu PDF GKGSCA

The Hindu PDF 11 January 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. This The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

In the following article, we have shared the key points from The Hindu Newspaper today pdf for the students preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams. These points from The Hindu newspaper pdf serve as current affairs material for their preparation.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 11 January 2024 for UPSC

India seen as a pillar of stability, says PM: Page 1
  • India is seen as a ray of hope amid global uncertainties.
  • The world views India as an important pillar of stability.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi spoke at the 10th Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit.
  • India is considered a trusted friend and an engine of growth in the global economy.
  • PM Modi emphasized India’s commitment to people-centric development.
  • He mentioned India’s goal to become the world’s third-largest economy in the next few years.
  • The next 25 years are referred to as India’s “golden period.”
  • Major rating agencies predict India to be among the top three largest economies soon.
  • In the rapidly changing world order, India is moving forward as a “friend of the world” (Vishwa Mitra).
  • India’s dedication, efforts, and hard work contribute to global security and prosperity.
  • The government’s commitment to inclusivity and equality is highlighted for world prosperity.
  • PM Modi emphasized the priorities and aspirations of India’s 1.4 billion citizens in promoting development.
Change for the worse: Page 8
  • Rapid decline in ties between India and Maldives after PM Modi’s meeting with President Mohamed Muizzu.
  • Triggered by tweets from Maldivian Ministers criticizing Modi, Lakshadweep promotion, and ties with Israel.
  • Tweets deleted, Ministers suspended, but damage done; Ambassadors summoned.
  • Calls for an economic boycott of Maldives by hurt Indians on social media.
  • Deeper reasons tied to the change in government in Malé; Muizzu rode to power on “India Out” campaign.
  • Despite disappointment, Modi government sent a Minister to Muizzu’s swearing-in; Modi-Muizzu meet at COP28.
  • Muizzu chose Turkey as his first bilateral destination, visiting China next, not making India his first priority.
  • Muizzu presses India on withdrawal of military personnel despite clarification of their role.
  • Delhi and Male urged to reassess responses; calls for boycotts and hypernationalistic rhetoric.
  • Importance stressed for both sides to avoid antagonizing each other; proximity, economic might, and historical ties highlighted.
  • Benefits of a stronger relationship emphasized, citing India’s infrastructure projects, strategic partnership, COVID-19 support, and international cooperation during the Solih government’s tenure.
  • Regional stability and maintaining the basic structure of bilateral ties crucial for India amid upcoming elections in the region.
The laws around remission policy: Page 10
  • Supreme Court sets aside remission for 11 convicts in the Bilkis Bano case.
  • Gujarat government passed the remission order in August 2022.
  • Clemency powers under Article 72 and 161 of the Constitution for the President and Governor.
  • State government, under Section 432 of CrPC, can remit part or whole punishment; in case of life imprisonment, after 14 years (Section 433A).
  • Background: Crimes committed in Gujarat in 2002, shifted to Maharashtra for a fair trial; convicts sentenced in 2008.
  • Radheshyam Shah sought remission under Gujarat’s 1992 policy, approved by JAC in August 2022.
  • Legal and moral issues: Violation of CrPC provisions, wrong state considering remission, no opinion from the presiding judge.
  • Supreme Court rulings cited: Laxman Naskar case (2000) – five grounds for remission; Sangeet case (2012) – remission case-by-case, not a right after 14 years.
  • Gujarat revised policy in 2014, barring remission for rape and murder; 1992 policy had no such exclusions.
  • Supreme Court ruling: Gujarat not the appropriate government, May 2022 order obtained through fraud, a nullity.
  • Orders surrender of 11 persons within two weeks, designates Maharashtra as the appropriate government for remission petitions.
  • Supreme Court’s order reinforces faith in the judicial system and the rule of law.
  • Expects Maharashtra to follow guidelines from the Laxman Naskar case, suggesting no mercy for crimes affecting society at large.
Why did north India fog heavily in last weeks of 2023?: Page 10
  • Fog descended on northern India in late December 2023 and early 2024 due to winter conditions.
  • States affected: Punjab, Haryana, northern Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, New Delhi, south Rajasthan, and north Madhya Pradesh.
  • Minimum temperatures ranged from 6-9 degrees Celsius in some areas and 10-12 degrees Celsius in others.
  • Dense fog reported in Haryana, Chandigarh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Uttarakhand.
  • Fog led to reduced visibility, down to 50 meters in some areas.
  • Air travel was severely impacted with around 450 flights delayed or cancelled on December 27 at Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport.
  • On December 29 and 30, nearly 100 and 80 flights, respectively, were delayed from Delhi.
  • Trains to Delhi were also delayed due to poor visibility and dense fog on December 29.
  • At least eight trains scheduled to reach Delhi on the night of December 28 were delayed, and a few trains scheduled for the morning of December 29 were also affected.
  • Fog is a collection of small water droplets formed when evaporated water cools and condenses near the earth’s surface.
  • Temperature disparity between the ground and air, high humidity, and ample water vapor contribute to fog formation.
  • Fog often occurs during Indian winters when temperatures drop at night and in the early morning.
  • Mechanisms contributing to fog include infrared cooling and radiation fog after an unseasonably warm day followed by rapidly dropping temperatures.
  • Northern India, especially the Indo-Gangetic plains, is prone to fog during winter due to low temperatures, low wind speed, moisture availability, and plenty of aerosols.
  • Moisture incursion can happen from Western Disturbances or the Arabian Sea, contributing to fog formation.
After a record 1,111 NGOs got FCRA nod in 2023, 30 get clearance in Jan.: Page 12
  • Fo Guang Shan Cultural and Educational Centre, a Taiwan-based Buddhist monastic order in Delhi, received FCRA clearance.
  • The clearance allows the organization to receive foreign funds for its “religious, cultural, economic, educational, and social” programs.
  • The Delhi centre of Fo Guang Shan was established in 2008, originating from Taiwan in the 1960s.
  • 30 NGOs and associations received FCRA registration in January 2023.
  • In 2023, a record 1,111 NGOs were granted FCRA permission, the highest since 2014.
  • FCRA registration is mandatory for NGOs to receive foreign donations, requiring a specific cultural, economic, educational, religious, or social program.
  • Ministry data indicate that 3,294 associations received fresh FCRA registration from 2014 to 2023.
  • In 2021 and 2022, out of 1,615 FCRA registration applications, 722 were granted clearance, and 225 were rejected due to eligibility criteria non-fulfillment.
  • A total of 13,520 associations received foreign contributions worth ₹55,741.51 crore in the financial years 2019-2020, 2020-21, and 2021-22.
  • As of January 10, there were 16,987 active FCRA-registered NGOs in the country.
  • Nearly 6,000 NGOs had inoperative FCRA registrations from January 1, 2022, either due to the Ministry’s refusal to renew or non-application.
U.K. to send advanced naval groups for training with Indian forces: Page 12
  • UK’s Littoral Response Group to train in the Indian Ocean region.
  • Carrier Strike Group plans to visit India in 2025 for joint operations.
  • Announcement made during talks between UK Defence Secretary and Indian Defence Minister.
  • First visit by an Indian Defence Minister to the UK in over two decades.
  • Discussions include future defense cooperation, joint exercises, and knowledge sharing.
  • Focus on comprehensive strategic partnership outlined in the 2030 India-UK roadmap.
  • Deployment of UK’s advanced naval capabilities enhances UK-India security ties.
  • Plans for more complex military exercises leading to a joint exercise by 2030.
  • Collaboration on electric propulsion systems and development of complex weapons.
  • Agreement on logistics exchange for joint training, exercises, and humanitarian operations.
  • MoU signed for a bilateral international cadet exchange program.
  • LoA signed on defense collaboration in research and development.
Under new deal, each State can field tableau once in three years: Page 14
  • Defence Ministry proposes a new rotation plan for Republic Day parade tableau selection.
  • Each State and Union Territory to field a tableau once in three years.
  • Aim is to address controversies and complaints over non-inclusion.
  • Approximately 15 tableaux selected each year; rotation plan ensures equitable distribution.
  • Memorandum of understanding circulated; 28 States have signed it.
  • Willingness sought for participation in Republic Day Parades 2024, 2025, and 2026.
  • 16 States and Union Territories selected for the 2024 parade through a four-round process.
  • Culture Ministry empanels 30 agencies for design and fabrication of tableaux.
  • Expert committee comprising artists and Padma awardees finalizes themes and aesthetics.
  • States not selected invited to showcase tableaux at Bharat Parv at the Red Fort.
  • Controversies in Punjab and Karnataka over non-inclusion of their respective tableaux.
  • Defence Ministry asserts a system for selection, inviting proposals from all States/UTs and Ministries.
Tshering Tobgay to become Bhutan PM for second time as poll body confirms results: Page 15
  • Tshering Tobgay elected Bhutan’s Prime Minister for the second time.
  • People’s Democratic Party (PDP) led by Tobgay wins nearly two-thirds of seats.
  • Election dominated by economic challenges, questioning the “Gross National Happiness” policy.
  • Bhutan positioned between China and India, both closely observing the strategic border zones.
  • Tobgay pledges to boost ties with India, including developing rail links.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulates Tobgay on the election win.
  • Bhutan, a landlocked nation with a population of about 800,000, faces economic challenges and mass exodus.
  • Tobgay, a former civil servant, emphasizes conservation and holds degrees in mechanical engineering and public administration.
  • Concerns raised over high unemployment, especially among the youth.
  • Expectations for the new government to stimulate the economy.
ILO warns of rise in unemployment, decline in real wages: Page 16
  • ILO warns of a global rise in unemployment in 2024.
  • Growing social inequalities and stagnant productivity are concerns.
  • Joblessness and jobs gap below pre-pandemic levels but set to rise in 2024.
  • Real wages declined in most G20 countries in 2023, failing to keep pace with inflation.
  • 1 million workers pushed into extreme poverty due to declining real wages.
  • China, Russia, and Mexico experienced positive real wage growth in 2023.
  • Global economic slowdown due to geopolitical tensions, inflation, and central bank actions.
  • Labour market imbalances may be structural rather than cyclical, warns the ILO.
  • Concerns about a modest recovery as global growth in 2023 was higher than anticipated.
  • India’s real wages considered “positive” compared to other G20 countries in 2022.
2023 may have been warmest in 1 lakh years: SCIENCE PAGE II
  • 2023 declared the planet’s hottest year on record.
  • Likely the world’s warmest year in the last 100,000 years, according to C3S.
  • Every month since June set records as the hottest compared to the same month in previous years.
  • Planet averaged 1.48 degrees Celsius warmer than the 1850-1900 pre-industrial period.
  • CO2 emissions hit record levels in 2023, reaching the highest concentration of 419 parts per million.
  • The global temperature exceeded the 1.5 degrees Celsius target on nearly half of the days in 2023.
  • Despite climate targets, CO2 emissions from burning fossil fuels remain high.
  • 2023 marked the first year with every day more than 1 degree Celsius hotter than pre-industrial times.
  • Two days in November were 2 degrees Celsius warmer than the pre-industrial period.
  • El Niño weather phenomenon contributed to higher global temperatures in 2023.
  • Rising temperatures exacerbated heatwaves, floods, and wildfires worldwide.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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