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The Hindu PDF 11 February 2024 Analysis

The Hindu PDF GKGSCA

The Hindu PDF 11 February 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

In the following article, we have shared the key points from The Hindu Newspaper today pdf for the students preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams. These points from The Hindu newspaper pdf serve as current affairs material for their preparation.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 11 February 2024 for UPSC

Pak. Army chief pitches for coalition government: Page 1
  • Pakistan Army chief, Gen. Asim Munir, calls for a unified government comprising all democratic forces.
  • Supports Nawaz Sharif’s appeal for rival parties to form a coalition government in light of a potentially hung Parliament after general elections.
  • Independents backed by Imran Khan’s PTI win the majority with 102 seats in the National Assembly.
  • PTI claims victory in the elections despite a significant number of seats won by other parties.
  • Other major parties’ performance: PML-N – 73 seats, PPP – 54 seats, MQM – 17 seats, smaller parties – 11 seats.
  • To form a government, a party needs to secure 133 seats out of 265 in the National Assembly.
  • Gen. Munir emphasizes the importance of political maturity and unity among all parties.
  • Imran Khan expresses gratitude to voters for supporting PTI and urges them to protect the integrity of their votes.
  • PTI warns of severe consequences if attempts are made to disrupt the election results.
He wore his craft with grace and humility: Page 4
  • Achuthan Ramachandran Nair, aged 89, passed away in New Delhi, leaving behind his artist wife Chameli Ramachandran.
  • Known for translating nature’s poetry into a distinct realism rooted in Indian ethos.
  • Padma Bhushan awardee and master painter, sculptor, pedagogue, and art historian.
  • Influenced by conversations with progressive writers in Kerala and mentors in Santiniketan, including Ram Kinkar Baij, Nandalal Bose, and Benode Behari Mukherjee.
  • Refused to conform to European traditions; his art was mythically bound and metaphorically timeless.
  • Explored themes like lotus ponds, female figures, and rural life, drawing inspiration from his travels.
  • His encounter with anti-Sikh violence impacted his art, leading to a shift towards more lyrical expression.
  • Despite criticism, his art, including the celebrated “Kali Puja” (1972), gained recognition for its depth and satire.
  • Revered as a guru at Jamia Millia Islamia, where he taught Fine Arts, drawing was an essential part of his daily routine.
  • Known for his sense of humor, he incorporated self-portraits in his works, often depicted humorously as insects, birds, or even a bat, reflecting his timeless identity.
Church embraces climate fight, calls for green Lent: Page 6
  • Malankara Mar Thoma Syrian Church advocates for a ‘carbon fast’ during Lent to address environmental concerns.
  • The initiative promotes practical energy-saving measures and raising awareness about individual actions’ impact on the environment.
  • Each of the seven weeks of Lent is dedicated to a specific theme, including power conservation, reduced food consumption, and fasting from plastics.
  • The final week emphasizes reducing social media usage and promoting direct interpersonal communication.
  • Weekly calendar includes Bible studies aligned with the themes.
  • The Church has a history of environmental conservation efforts, including strict ecological protocols at the annual Maramon Convention and the introduction of a green protocol for institutions and member families.
  • Church leaders like Philipose Mar Chrysostom and Theodosius Mar Thoma have championed environmental causes.
‘Heritage spaces in Lucknow not being maintained properly’: Page 9
  • Heritage enthusiasts in Uttar Pradesh express concern over the poor maintenance of monuments in Lucknow.
  • The Allahabad High Court directs authorities to remove encroachments from protected sites.
  • The committee formed in 2013 to address encroachments has met only 13 times over the past decade.
  • Around 60 protected monuments in Lucknow are of national importance, dating back to the Nawab era.
  • Encroachments exist in monuments such as Chattar Manzil, Rumi Darwaza, Bada Imambara, and Chota Imambara.
  • ASI issues notices to encroachers and requests legal action from local administration; over 1,100 notices issued in Lucknow.
  • Despite efforts, some iconic monuments like Bada Imambara still have people living within the complex.
  • Recent assessment of Kazmain buildings reveals structural issues and dampness.
  • Bibyapur’s kothi, built by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula, is in disarray.
  • Lucknow’s heritage zones, governed by local development authorities, include Husainabad Zone, Kaisarbagh Zone, and Lamartiniere Zone.
  • Heritage enthusiasts advocate for the implementation of heritage by-laws to better preserve monuments.
Navy chief inaugurates new defence systems: Page 9
  • Chief of Naval Staff Admiral R. Hari Kumar inaugurates Precision Approach Radar (PAR) at INS Utkrosh in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • PAR provides highly accurate horizontal and vertical guidance for safe aircraft landing in low visibility conditions.
  • Admiral Kumar also inaugurates Integrated Underwater Harbour Defence and Surveillance System (IUHDSS) at Naval Jetty, Port Blair.
  • IUHDSS enhances security by detecting, identifying, and tracking surface and underwater targets near naval jetty.
  • Admiral Kumar, accompanied by Kala Hari Kumar, visits Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC), the country’s sole operational tri-service command.
  • During the visit, Admiral Kumar lays foundation stone for sailors’ accommodation at Vijay Baugh.
  • Admiral Kumar interacts with personnel posted across various units in the Command.
CSIR NAL flies test-drone that can double up as ‘pseudo satellite’: Page 9
  • CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) successfully tests an unmanned aerial vehicle called High Altitude Pseudo Satellite (HAPS) in Challakere, Karnataka.
  • HAPS are expected to operate in the stratosphere, above commercial planes, powered by solar cells and batteries for extended hovering.
  • Potential applications include surveillance and transmitting 5G waves, serving as “towers in the sky” with greater flexibility than satellites.
  • The prototype flown this month is a scaled-down version, 5 meters long with an 11-meter wingspan, weighing 23 kg, staying airborne for 8 hours at 3 km altitude.
  • Future plans aim for a larger craft with a 30-meter wingspan, capable of reaching 23 km altitude and staying airborne for at least 90 days by 2027.
  • Engineering challenges include solar-powered batteries capable of lifting the airframe, lightweight design to withstand air turbulence, and thin solar films for power.
  • CSIR-NAL aims to design and build various components including propellers, battery management system, carbon-composite airframe, flight-control system, and high-powered electric motors.
‘India, Maldives will sort issues bilaterally’: Page 10
  • India and Maldives will resolve issues bilaterally, according to Sri Lankan President Ranil Wickremesinghe.
  • Chinese ‘research’ ship allowed in Male harbour by Maldives, but no Chinese troops permitted.
  • Sri Lanka confirms decision to join ASEAN-led RCEP agreement including China in free trade zone.
  • Discussed India-Sri Lanka economic and connectivity initiatives with Indian External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar.
  • India walked out of RCEP in 2019; Sri Lanka seeks access to external markets for growth.
  • Sri Lanka to hold presidential elections in 2024 and parliamentary elections soon after.
  • No mediation sought by Delhi or Male from Sri Lanka regarding tensions between them.
  • Hopes tensions between India and Maldives will subside soon in the interest of the Indian Ocean Region.
  • Concerns raised at Indian Ocean Conference about foreign research vessels in the region.
  • Australian Foreign Minister Penny Wong highlights China’s rapid military buildup in the Indo-Pacific.
  • Sri Lanka imposes one-year moratorium on foreign research ships docking but allows regular port calls and naval exercises, including from China.
  • Maldives indicates agreement reached with India on the issue of Indian troops stationed on southern atolls.
What are the changes in the new Water Act?: Page 12
  • Lok Sabha passed Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Amendment Act, 2024, amending 1974 Act.
  • 1974 Act established CPCB and SPCBs to prevent water contamination by sewage and industrial effluents.
  • Amendments remove imprisonment for minor violations, replacing with fines ranging from ₹10,000 to ₹15 lakh.
  • Amendments applicable to Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Union territories initially; may extend to other states.
  • SPCB permission still required for industries discharging sewage; exemption for certain industrial plants possible.
  • Operating without SPCB consent can lead to six years imprisonment and fine.
  • Centre empowered to issue guidelines for consent, penalize tampering with monitoring devices, and frame rules for SPCB chairpersons.
  • Environment Minister cites trust deficit due to outdated rules as rationale for amendments.
  • Opposition parties express concern that amendments weaken laws protecting rivers and water bodies from industrial pollution, argue imprisonment fear serves as deterrent.
What does Uttarakhand’s UCC entail?: Page 12
  • Uttarakhand Assembly passed Uniform Civil Code (UCC) Bill, first in independent India.
  • Aims to establish common rules on marriage, divorce, property inheritance, and live-in relationships for all citizens regardless of religion.
  • Applies to all Uttarakhand residents except tribal community; excludes scheduled tribes and those with customary rights protected under the Constitution.
  • Couples mandated to register live-in relationships; failure to do so may result in up to three months’ jail or ₹10,000 fine, or both.
  • False statements may lead to six months’ imprisonment or ₹25,000 fine, or both.
  • Abolishes concept of “illegitimate children,” extends legal recognition to children born in void marriages or live-in relationships.
  • Prohibits bigamy or polygamy; minimum marriage age remains unchanged.
  • Marriages must be registered within 60 days; non-registration incurs penalty of up to ₹10,000.
  • Divorce requires court order, grounds include religious conversion; no recognition of “irretrievable breakdown of marriage.”
  • Inheritance law abolishes coparcenary system, guarantees equal property rights to spouse, children, and parents.
  • Criminalizes Muslim personal law practices like nikah halala and triple talaq, without naming them explicitly.
  • Punishment for compelling or inducing to observe such practices includes imprisonment up to three years and fine up to ₹1 lakh.
  • Experts criticize mandatory registration of live-in relationships as breaching right to privacy.
  • Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat also considering UCC; experts argue this contradicts Article 44 of the Constitution.
How can child safety be ensured online?: Page 12
  • Meta CEO Mark Zuckerberg issues public apology for online child safety issues during Congressional hearing.
  • Tech companies facing increasing pressure to ensure children’s safety online, amidst protests worldwide.
  • UNICEF report highlights potential risks to children online, including exposure to graphic content, bullying, harassment, and data privacy concerns.
  • Virtual environments and games pose dangers; examples include instructions in games like Grand Theft Auto and misuse of Artificial Intelligence to generate inappropriate content.
  • Mental health impacts significant, with trauma and abuse online leading to psychological scars in real life.
  • Generative AI offers opportunities but also risks, such as creating disinformation and indistinguishable images.
  • Responsibility lies with tech companies to incorporate safety features and protect children’s data and privacy.
  • UNICEF recommends child-centered AI and highest data protection standards in virtual environments.
  • Governments urged to adjust regulatory frameworks to safeguard children’s rights online and address harmful content.
  • Need for universal adoption of rules protecting children online, similar to those in the real world.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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