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The Hindu PDF 10 January 2024 Analysis


The Hindu PDF 10 January 2024 Newspaper is considered an important source of news and information for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants in India. This The Hindu Epaper PDF newspaper covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the UPSC exam, including politics, economics, international relations, governance, and social issues.

In the following article, we have shared the key points from The Hindu Newspaper today pdf for the students preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams. These points from The Hindu newspaper pdf serve as current affairs material for their preparation.

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The Hindu Epaper Analysis 10 January 2024 for UPSC

‘Most Indian cities are far from clean air target’: Page 1

  • Centre’s effort to improve air quality in India’s most polluted cities
  • Analysis by Respirer Living Sciences and Climate Trends
  • 49 cities with consistent PM 2.5 data for five years
  • 27 cities showed a decline in PM 2.5
  • Only four cities met or exceeded the targeted decline
  • National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) goal: 40% reduction in PM concentrations by 2026
  • Initial goal: 20-40% reduction by 2024, later shifted to 2026
  • Delhi: 5.9% decline in annual PM 2.5 levels
  • Navi Mumbai: 46% rise in PM 2.5 levels
  • Mumbai: 38.1% rise, Ujjain: 46% rise
  • Varanasi: 72% reduction in PM 2.5 levels
  • Agra: 53% decline, Jodhpur: 50% decline
  • Only 49 cities had data for at least 60 months and five years
  • Cities with more than 40% reduction in PM 2.5 levels: Jodhpur, Kanpur, Meerut, Lucknow
  • Only four cities have more than 10 continuous ambient air quality monitors
  • Varanasi had one station in 2019, four stations operational in 2024
  • National Clean Air Programme’s progress acknowledged, challenges persist.

Growth sans demand: Page 8

  • First advance estimates show government spending propping up growth
  • NSO projects real GDP growth at 7.3%, slightly up from the previous year
  • Sectoral output figures indicate a search for durable drivers of consumption-led growth
  • Overall Gross Value Added (GVA) growth expected to slow to 6.9%
  • Agriculture sector, a key part of the rural economy, to see slowest growth in eight years (1.8%)
  • Trade, hotels, transport, communication, and broadcasting sector growth estimated to halve to 6.3%
  • Private final consumption expenditure, the largest GDP component, projected to have its slowest expansion in over 20 years (4.4%)
  • Gross fixed capital formation (GFCF), including government capital spending, remains a bright spot, growing at 10.3%
  • GFCF set to reach a record 34.9% share of GDP in the current fiscal year
  • Rural economy impacted by monsoon vagaries, affecting demand for various goods
  • Policymakers face a dilemma: maintain spending to prop up growth risking fiscal slippage or tighten purse strings risking further loss of momentum.

Investor confidence: Page 8

  • Tamil Nadu Global Investors Meet (GIM 2024): 631 MoUs signed, ₹6.64 lakh crore investment commitment
  • Focus on job creation with projections of 26.90 lakh jobs, including 14.54 lakh through direct employment
  • Diverse investments in green energy, e-vehicles, non-leather footwear, automobiles, advanced electronic manufacturing, defence, aerospace, IT, and digital services
  • Investments distributed across the state, including tier 2 and 3 cities, aiming for balanced regional development
  • Participation from nine advanced nations and over 30 countries
  • Global interest attracts multinational and domestic groups like Hyundai, Tatas, Adani, Qualcomm, and Saint Gobain
  • Investor confidence in Tamil Nadu’s economic and governance climate
  • Gap between investment commitments and actionable reality highlighted; need for effective translation of MoUs
  • Aspiration to make Tamil Nadu a trillion-dollar economy by 2030 requires concrete action
  • Chief Minister’s commitment to a single window system for project clearances and access to investors is welcomed
  • Challenges include ensuring access to vast land parcels for project setup and transparent sharing of MoU details for industry confidence.

Why international law matters: Page 9

  • Israel’s war in Gaza and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine questioned the effectiveness of international law.
  • Declaration of the death of international law is not new; Thomas Franck made a similar argument over 50 years ago.
  • International law has structural deficiencies and lacks a global police force for enforcement.
  • Critics focus on poor compliance but assessing international law’s efficacy requires a broader perspective.
  • Robert Howse and Ruti Teitel argue that compliance alone does not capture international law’s normative effects.
  • Harold Hongju Koh emphasizes the complex transnational legal process through which countries engage with international law.
  • Monica Hakimi argues that international law matters for holding those with public power accountable for their conduct.
  • South Africa’s move to the International Court of Justice against Israel’s conduct in Gaza is an example of accountability.
  • Accountability involves invoking international law to question actions and make a case against illegitimate conduct.
  • International law and its structures are not ideal but serve as an essential instrument for holding the powerful accountable.
  • Despite universal non-compliance, there is a universal aspiration towards compliance with international law.
  • The world needs more, not less, fair international law to constrain expansionist, imperial, and illiberal tendencies.

A look at Project Tiger, 50 years on: Page 10

  • Project Tiger started in 1973, creating tiger reserves in India.
  • Wildlife (Protection) Act and Forest Rights Act violations heightened conflicts in tiger reserves.
  • In 2006, tiger reserves became a statutory category; National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) established.
  • Tiger Task Force found the traditional approach ineffective; emphasized protection of forests and people.
  • Forest Rights Act recognized customary forest rights; Gram Sabha had authority to determine and demarcate.
  • Critical Wildlife Habitat (CWH) introduced by FRA, similar to Critical Tiger Habitats (CTH) under WLPA.
  • Government notified CTHs without compliance, leading to displacement issues and conflicts.
  • CTHs and Buffer Areas meant for tiger conservation and human-animal coexistence.
  • Tiger reserves established without meeting democratic and scientific criteria; lack of informed consent.
  • Relocation under WLPA allowed only with voluntary consent and fair compensation.
  • Compensation and rehabilitation under LARR Act 2013, including financial, livelihood, and housing support.
  • Current compensation inadequate; ₹15 lakh offered as a cash or relocation/rehabilitation ‘package.’
  • As of 2018, 2,808 villages and 57,386 families in CTHs; resistance to recognizing forest rights in tiger reserves.
  • NTCA initially refused FRA rights in CTHs; guidelines issued later, withdrawal of ban order.
  • Conflict likely to increase with more tiger reserves and corridors in India’s tiger terrain.

India, U.K. ink 2 deals during Rajnath’s visit: Page 12

  • India and the U.K. signed an MoU for a bilateral international cadet exchange program.
  • A Letter of Arrangement (LoA) on defense collaboration in research and development was also signed.
  • The agreements were reached after talks between Indian Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and his British counterpart Grant Shapps in London.
  • Discussions covered a wide range of defense-related issues, security, and enhancing defense industrial cooperation.
  • Shapps emphasized the non-transactional nature of the U.K.-India relationship, highlighting shared goals and commonalities.
  • The LoA on research and development involved the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the U.K.’s Defence Science and Technology Laboratory.
  • These agreements aim to boost people-to-people exchanges, especially among the youth, and enhance defense research collaboration between the two countries.
  • Rajnath Singh paid floral tributes to Mahatma Gandhi at Tavistock Square in London during his two-day visit.

Music maestro Rashid Khan passes away at 55: Page 14

  • Ustad Rashid Khan, renowned Hindustani classical singer, passed away in Kolkata at 55.
  • Survived by his wife, two sons, and a daughter; battled cancer and was hospitalized in November.
  • Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee expressed condolences, describing him as a “world-famous classical Indian vocal artist.”
  • The body will be kept at Rabindra Sadan for public homage, with final rites to be held with full state honors.
  • Born in Badayun, UP, Rashid Khan began his musical journey under Ustad Nissar Hussain Khan.
  • Known for his expertise in Rampur-Sahaswan gayaki, featuring medium-slow tempos and emotional melodic elaboration.
  • Awarded Padma Shri, Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, and Padma Bhushan; honored by West Bengal government.
  • Influenced by legends like Amir Khan and Bhimsen Joshi; experimented with fusion and performed jugalbandis.
  • Contributed to Hindi and Bengali films, notable songs include Aaoge Jab Tum Saajna, Alah Hi Rahem, and Bol Ke Lab Azad Hain.

Could sisal leaves make sanitary napkins more sustainable in India?: SCIENCE Page II

  • Stanford University scientists, led by Manu Prakash, developed an environmentally sustainable material from sisal leaves for sanitary napkins.
  • Sisal leaves, traditionally used for making twine and other products, provide a highly absorbent and retentive material.
  • The material has the potential to replace cotton, wood pulp, and chemical absorbents in sanitary napkins, with higher absorption capacity.
  • The process uses no polluting or toxic chemicals, can be done locally at a small scale, and is considered environmentally sustainable.
  • The team is working with a Nepal-based NGO to test scalability for mass production of eco-friendly menstrual hygiene products.
  • Access to hygienic menstruation is limited for around 500 million people worldwide; sisal-based solutions aim to address environmental and cost concerns.
  • The study explores the potential of sisal leaves as a sustainable alternative, comparing favorably in absorption tests with commercial materials.
  • The process involves mechanically separating sisal fibers, using a termite-inspired method to remove lignin, and a sustainable chemical, peroxyformic acid.
  • The team aims for distributed manufacturing and quality control, partnering with organizations in Nigeria, Kenya, and Nepal.
  • They plan a global program engaging high school students to test other plants using the reported process for diverse geographical conditions.
  • The initiative seeks to contribute to addressing period poverty and menstrual health with an open-source framework and global collaboration.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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