The Hindu PDF 06 May 2023 Analysis

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The Hindu PDF Analysis for UPSC

Central security forces flood crisis-hit Manipur: Page 1

  • The Indian government has deployed 12 companies of the Border Security Force (BSF) and airlifted anti-riot vehicles to Manipur to control the violence.
  • The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel, along with the Army and Indian Air Force (IAF) teams, have also been deployed.
  • Article 355 empowers the Centre to take all necessary steps to protect a State against internal disturbances and external aggression. However, the Ministry of Home Affairs has denied invoking Article 355.
  • The former CRPF chief Kuldiep Singh has been appointed as the security adviser to the Manipur government, while Additional Director-General of Police (Intelligence) Ashutosh Sinha has been appointed as the overall operational commander.
  • Home Minister Amit Shah cancelled his Karnataka election campaign events to closely monitor the situation in Manipur and seek regular updates from the State and its northeastern neighbours.
  • At least 10 people are believed to have been killed by mobs, while several villages and community-specific urban localities were destroyed when clashes broke out during the course of a tribal solidarity march on Wednesday and then escalated the following day.
  • The march was taken out in all 10 hill districts of the State to oppose the long-standing demand for Scheduled Tribe status to the non-tribal Meiteis, after a High Court directive to the State government to submit its recommendation on the issue to the Centre.
  • Curfew has been imposed in eight affected districts and Internet services remain suspended. According to a defence statement, the situation in Manipur has been brought under control as of Friday.

The horizon for India beyond the G20, SCO summits: Page 8

  • India’s presidency of the G-20 and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) should be approached with caution, given the challenging geopolitical climate.
  • The global situation is deteriorating, and conflicts between the US-led camp and China/Russia-led camp are intensifying, which leaves little room for countries like India to maneuver.
  • India must deal with the increasing diplomatic and strategic offensives by China in Asia, especially in West Asia, and its growing military capabilities in the Ladakh and Arunachal sectors of the Sino-Indian border.
  • India must be cautious and vigilant in dealing with China, which has been actively seeking new friends in India’s extended neighborhood to limit India’s influence in the region.
  • The situation in Afghanistan and the unrest in India’s immediate neighborhood in South Asia are compounding India’s problems, and India needs to tread carefully.

Switching on India’s smart electricity future: Page 8

  • India is planning to replace 250 million conventional electric meters with prepaid smart meters by 2025-26.
  • More than 5.5 million smart meters have already been installed in India, and over 100 million sanctioned.
  • A recent study by the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) found that the majority of smart meter users have already begun to experience some of the technology benefits.
  • Half the users reported improvements in billing regularity, and two-thirds said paying bills had become easier.
  • Around 40% of users alluded to multiple co-benefits such as a greater sense of control over their electricity expenses, a drop in instances of electricity theft, and improved power supply to the locality.
  • There are some road bumps, such as half the users not using the smart meter mobile app, and many were unable to access detailed electricity bills.
  • Suggestions for diverse actors to step up include driving a nationwide campaign to educate consumers about smart meter benefits, co-owning the programme and taking the driving seat, collaborating to devise innovative and scalable data solutions, and strengthening regulations to empower consumers to unlock new retail markets.

Border situation is stable, says China Foreign Minister: Page 10

  • Chinese Foreign Minister Qin Gang held talks with Indian External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Foreign Ministers’ Meeting in Benaulim, Goa.
  • Mr. Qin stated that the situation along the India-China border is “generally stable” and both sides should “draw lessons from history”.
  • He also said that the two sides should continue to implement the important consensus between the leaders of the two countries, consolidate the achievements made, strictly abide by the relevant agreements and protocols, promote further cooling and easing of the border situation, and maintain sustainable peace and tranquillity in the border area.
  • Indian officials have reiterated their view that relations with China still remain “abnormal” and have called for urgency in completing the disengagement process in the two remaining friction areas in Depsang and Demchok.
  • China has dragged its feet in the slow-moving disengagement talks that have continued for three years.
  • Mr. Qin described both countries as “as the two most populous developing countries in the world, and both are in a critical period of modernisation”.
  • India has maintained that bilateral consultations and exchanges, as well as cooperation under the multilateral framework, can only be carried out if the Line of Actual Control (LAC) disengagement is completed and peace is restored on the borders.

Realtime, operational picture among several automation initiatives of Army: Page 10

  • The Indian Army is set to deploy a new Battlefield Surveillance System (BSS) under Project Sanjay which will provide a real-time, common operating picture of the battlefield for quick decision-making.
  • BSS will integrate thousands of sensors, including data on movements of India’s adversaries, received from various sources such as sensors, satellites, UAVs, and patrols.
  • The project’s system integrator is Bharat Electronics Ltd., and after extensive validation, it has shown a rate of success of more than 95%, meeting the army’s aspirations and requirements.
  • The cost of the project was initially estimated at ₹2,700 crore, but it has now been revised to ₹2,400 crore and is set to go down further.
  • The BSS is among several automation projects being rolled out to improve operational efficiency, enhance battlefield awareness, and provide functional efficiency for human resource management, logistics, inventory management, medical services, and other administrative functions.
  • The Army is also setting up captive data centers across the country and these will be fully operational this year.
  • The BSS will complete the sensor-shooter grid by integrating with the Artillery Combat Command and Control System (ACCCS).
  • The Army Information and Decision Support System, an upgraded and redesigned version of the erstwhile Combat Information Decision Support System, will complement the BSS.
  • A decision support system called the Situational Awareness Module for the Army (SAMA) has successfully integrated inputs from ACCCS, BSS, e-Sitrep, and the Management Information Systems Organization.

Centre looks into options to counter EU’s carbon tax plan: Page 10

  • The Commerce Ministry is exploring options to deal with the European Union’s decision to introduce a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM).
  • The EU’s CBAM would monitor imports from producers using non-green technologies, starting in October 2021, and levy a tax from January 2026. This is likely to impact Indian metal and engineering exports to the EU.
  • The Commerce Department is examining various options, including retaliatory tariff measures, a challenge at the World Trade Organization, and measures to help smaller Indian exporters.
  • The Department of Commerce, the Ministry of Steel, and the MSME Ministry are working together to create a mechanism to support micro, small, and medium enterprises, the steel industry, and the aluminum industry.
  • The chairman of EEPC India has proposed including the primary iron and steel sector in the Remissions of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products (RoDTEP) scheme and raising the scheme’s benefits for engineering products. The rebate for engineering products is currently in the range of 0.5% to 1%, which is lower than the incentives provided under the earlier merchandise exports from India scheme that offered incentives in the range of 2% to 5%.

Pakistan Minister is a promoter of terror industry: Jaishankar: Page 11

  • India’s External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar has criticized Pakistan Foreign Minister Bilawal Bhutto Zardari for his country’s continued support to terrorist groups. He called him a “promoter, justifier and spokesperson” of terrorism.
  • Mr. Jaishankar expressed “outrage” over an incident in which five Indian soldiers were killed in firing in Rajouri.
  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation’s Council For Foreign Ministers (SCO-CFM) meeting, which Mr. Jaishankar chaired, agreed to strengthen cooperation in areas such as economics and technology.
  • India proposed making English an additional official language to Russian and Chinese at the SCO, and setting up working groups on innovation, start-ups, and traditional medicines.
  • The Ministers agreed on a 15-point decision document that will be taken forward to the SCO Heads of State Summit due on July 3-4 in Delhi.
  • The meeting saw both Mr. Jaishankar and Mr. Bhutto trade veiled accusations over cross-border terrorism and the amendment to Article 370 that granted special status to Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Mr. Jaishankar called for India-China relations to take the disengagement process forward, saying that peace and tranquillity needed to be restored for normalcy in relations.
  • Mr. Bhutto called on members not to “weaponise terrorism for diplomatic point scoring” and spoke of “unilateral and illegal measures by states in violation of international law and UNSC resolutions”.
  • Mr. Jaishankar responded that Pakistan should “wake up and smell the coffee” and that Article 370 was history. He referred to India’s contention that the only issue over Kashmir up for discussion with Pakistan is when they will give up their occupation of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK).

COVID pandemic is no longer an emergency, declares WHO: Page 13

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that COVID-19 no longer qualifies as a global emergency, marking a symbolic end to the pandemic that upended economies, triggered lockdowns, and killed millions of people worldwide.
  • Although the emergency phase is over, the pandemic has not ended, as recent spikes in cases in Southeast Asia and West Asia indicate.
  • Thousands of people are still dying from the virus every week, and millions of others are suffering from debilitating, long-term effects.
  • WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus emphasized that COVID-19 is not over as a global health threat, and he would not hesitate to reconvene experts to assess the situation should a new variant “put our world in peril.”
  • The pandemic has shattered businesses, exacerbated political divisions, led to the spread of misinformation, and plunged millions into poverty.
  • Dr. Michael Ryan, WHO’s emergencies chief, called on heads of states and other leaders to negotiate a wide-ranging pandemic treaty to decide how future health threats should be faced.

Source: The Hindu Epaper

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